International Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
Articles Information
International Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Vol.6, No.3, Sep. 2020, Pub. Date: Jul. 7, 2020
Impact of Flood on Community Livelihoods in Rwanda
Pages: 55-61 Views: 136 Downloads: 20
Authors
[01] Evase Ntaganira, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.
[02] Lamek Nahayo, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.
[03] Fidele Nizeyimana, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.
[04] Ingabire Marie Claudine, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.
[05] Gahutu Mbabarira Anastase, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.
[06] Erneste Nsangabandi, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.
Abstract
The geographical features and climatic profile of Rwanda make the country, mainly its north-western parts, highly prone to disasters, especially landslides and floods, and this severely impacts on its citizens’ livelihoods. The current study assessed the impact of flood on community livelihoods in Nyabihu district of western Rwanda. The authors adopted a descriptive research design with a sample of 139 respondents from the households, and the collected data contained qualitative and in-depth information. The communities confirmed that they record flood occurrences and some lives were lost along with severe damages. The study also revealed that flooding primarily results from frequent and heavy rains, topography, and poor drainage of rainwater. It was indicated that flood occurrence in this area leads to water-borne diseases and sicknesses. Also, roads and bridges are damaged by flood occurrences which limits transport. However, it was noted that if more people are educated, the awareness would be increased hence reducing flood effects. This study can be useful to policymakers to better understand relevant sustainable preventive measures to mitigate the negative effects inflicted by the flooding.
Keywords
Flood, Disaster Management, Mitigation, Preparedness, Rwanda
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