International Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
Articles Information
International Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Vol.6, No.3, Sep. 2020, Pub. Date: Sep. 24, 2020
Wastewater Treatment Plants in Libya: Challenges and Future Prospects
Pages: 76-80 Views: 33 Downloads: 27
[01] Salahaldein Alsadey, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Bani Waleed University, Bani Walid City, Libya.
[02] Omran Mansour, Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Sciences, Bani Waleed University, Bani Walid City, Libya.
A growing concern stretching across the entire globe is wastewater treatment. It is a chronic situation that is certainly becoming a greater concern due to rapid growth in population and urbanization in developing nations. As such, authorities are increasing efforts to enhance wastewater treatment plans in order to enhance water resources and generate sufficient water. Nevertheless, the number of developing countries that face pollution in the form of wastewater is still high. Libya is one of such nations, especially in its urban regions. The aim of this study is to highlight the current scenario and challenges of managing wastewater in Libya. The later sections are exclusively dedicated to proposed recommendations at the government level that may address Libya’ wastewater issues. Findings show a gradually increasing wastewater trend in developing nations following a rise in their population annually. A summary of reviewed historical investigations show that poor government plans, mismanaged wastewater, and human and industrial wastes are among the important challenges that hampers sustainable management in most nations especially Libya. It is vital to consider potential approaches such as improving wastewater management and supply demand. Furthermore, the participation of local residents via increased awareness may be one of the supportive methods to solve the challenges. In order to conserve the cleanliness of our environment, it is important to have efficient use of wastewater along with sustainable environmental and economic management.
Wastewater, Treatment, Sustainable Management, Plant, Libya
[01] H Zhou and, Daniel W Smith, (2002), “Advanced technologies in water and wastewater treatment” Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science, 1 (4): 247-264,
[02] General Water Authority. State of Water Report; General Water Authority: Tripoli, Libya, 2006.
[03] Rizzo, L., Manaia, C., Merlin, C., Schwartz, T., Dagot, C., and Ploy, M. C. (2013). Urban wastewater treatment plants as hotspots for antibiotic resistant bacteria and genes spread into the environment: a review. Sci. Tot. Environ. 447, 345–360. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.01.032.
[04] Lood, R., Erturk, G., and Mattiasson, B (2017). Revisiting antibiotic resistance spreading in wastewater treatment plants–bacteriophages as a much-neglected potential transmission vehicle. Front. Microbiol. 8: 2298. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.022.
[05] Ali, F. H. (2011). Design of waste water treatment plant. Bagdad: University of Technology Building and Construction.
[06] Wheida, E. and Verhoeven, R. (2007) ‘An alternative solution of the water shortage problem in Libya’, Water Resources Management, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 961-82.
[07] Denny, P., 1997. Implementation of constructed wetlands in developing countries. Wat. Sci. Tech. 35, 27–34.
[08] Stikker, A., 1998. Water today and tomorrow. Futures 30, 43-62.
[09] S. Gulyani, E. M. Bassett, Retrieving the Baby from the Bathwater: Slum Upgrading in Sub-Saharan Africa, Environ. Plann. C2007, 25 (4), 486–515.
[10] H. T. Wang, I. B. Omosa, A. A. Keller, F. T. Li, Ecosystem Protection, Integrated Management and Infrastructure are Vital for Improving Water Quality in Africa, Environ. Sci. Technol. 2012, 46 (9), 4699–4700.
[11] H. Wang, T. Wang, B. Toure, F. Li, Protect Lake Victoria through Green Economy, Public Participation and Good Governance, Environ. Sci. Technol. 2012, 46 (19), 10483–10484.
[12] A. Armstrong, Water Pollution Urban Waste, Nat. Geosci. 2009, 2 (11), 748–748.
[13] A. J. Pickering, J. Davis, Freshwater Availability and Water Fetching Distance Affect Child Health in Sub-Saharan Africa, Environ. Sci. Technol. 2012, 46 (4), 2391–2397.
[14] M. A. Montgomery, M. Elimelech, Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries: Including Health in the Equation, Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41 (1), 17–24.
[15] Mara D. (2003), Domestic Wastewater Treatment in Developing Countries, Press, Trowbridge, Cromwell.
[16] Spellman, F. R. (2014). Hand book of Water and wastewater treatment plant operations, Third Edition. New York: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group.
[17] Environment General Authority: Tripoli, Libya, 2008.
[18] Smith P. G. and Scott S. J. (2005), Dictionary of Water and Waste Management Second Edition, IWA Publishing, London.
[19] Al-Jasser A. O. (2010), Saudi wastewater reuse standards for agricultural irrigation: Riyadh treatment plants effluent compliance, Journal of King Saud University -Engineering Sciences, 23 (1), 1-8.
[20] NSIWRM. National Strategy for Integrated Water Resources Management (2000–2025); NSIWRM: Tripoli, Libya, 1999. 5. Environment General Authority. National Strategy for Sustainable Development. Part 1—Categories and Indicators.
[21] Burks BD, Minnis MM. On-site Wastewater Treatment Systems. Madison, WI, USA: Hogarth House Ltd 1994.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.