International Journal of Energy Science and Engineering
Articles Information
International Journal of Energy Science and Engineering, Vol.5, No.1, Mar. 2019, Pub. Date: Mar. 6, 2019
The Development and Performance Evaluation of a Systematic Banana Pith Waste Battery (BPWB)
Pages: 1-11 Views: 75 Downloads: 39
Authors
[01] Omolola Adelugba, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, School of Engineering and Engineering Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
[02] Oluwaseun Adelaja, Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
[03] Josiah Babatola, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, School of Engineering and Engineering Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
Abstract
In this era of increasing demand for energy, the perspective of generating electrical power has become a very important innovation under the premise of not producing carbon dioxide. This paper presents the development and performance evaluation of a systematic banana pith waste battery (BPWB), as improving the lives of rural undeveloped areas through an available, renewable, simple to use low power electrical energy source which would be a major innovation to the development of the people’s life quality. BPWBs as an electrochemical cell was evaluated by the effect of three treatment methods, mass loading, cell separation distance and moisture content preservation method on the cell. All boiled banana pith waste sample (BBPWS for 10, 20, 40, 60 minutes) had an average voltage, current, and power of 0.4V, 0.58A and 13.4kWh while fresh banana pith waste sample (FBPWS) performed at an average of 0.3V, 0.45A and 6 kWh which was the lowest. No effect of boiling or microwaving of the pith was observed for any changes in the organic but in the inorganic component of the banana pith when compared from the FTIR analytical tests of the treatment methods. From the results obtained, it is evident that BBPWS generated higher voltage and current than FBPWS. The peak mass loading voltage was from the 50g loading of banana pith and for the cell separation distance, the peak voltage was from the 1.5cm. Regulated addition of water per time could elongate the cell life before corrosion occurs. The peak open circuit voltage (OCV) observed for BPWB in comparison to that of potato battery of 0.76V gave a higher value of 1.216V. Total Power generated by BPWB for 20 days was 71kWh. The use of BPWBs for electricity generation is a unique technology capable of offering a solution for both sustainable energy and waste utilization.
Keywords
Sustainable Energy, Banana Pith Waste Battery, Electrochemical Cell, Energy Generation, Waste Utilization, Vegetative Systematic Battery, Banana Pseudostem, Analytical Tests
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