International Journal of Life Science and Engineering
Articles Information
International Journal of Life Science and Engineering, Vol.2, No.3, Nov. 2016, Pub. Date: Jan. 21, 2017
A Study on Goat Meat Production in Sudan
Pages: 21-26 Views: 599 Downloads: 600
[01] Yagoub M. Yagoub, Faculty of Agricultural Technology and Fish Sciences, Al-Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan.
[02] Salih Ahmed Babiker, Department of Meat Production, Faculty of Animal Production, University of Khartoum, Shambat, Sudan.
The total population of goats in the world is about 738.2 million heads, while the population of goat in Africa is approximately 218.6 million heads. The goat population in Sudan is estimated to be 42.526 million heads. The total meat production from the goat in the world is about 3.8 million tones, while in Africa the total production of meat from goats is about 851,000 tones. The Sudanese goats produce about 118,000 tones of meat per year. The goat population is mainly in devolping countries where little is done to raise the awareness of the potential of this small ruminant to stimulate its introduction into animal research and economic development programmes. Population in Sudan can be classified into four major groups: Nubian, Desert, Nilotic and dwarf (or tagger) goats. The latter three groups are very excellent meat producers, however the first is famous for milk production, but the males are reported to produce good carasses. Goat meat is most important product from goats in the tropics andit is widely consumed. The colour of goat meat is usually dark red and it is some-what coarse in texture. The fat content is usually sparse and the fat is white in colour. The sparse covering of fat on the meat and thetendency of the fat to be concentrated more in the viscera is acharacteristic of the species. There is often strong odour especially in the meat of the uncastrated old male goats. There is an emerging demand for goat meat as a gourmet item. In addition, health concerns regarding red meat do not apply to goat meat which compares favourably with chicken in terms of calories and protein, but is lower in total and saturated fat. Nowadays strategy in Sudan is focusing towards increase the awareness and cultureof utilizing goat meat, to spare beef and mutton for export.
Goat Meat, Production, In Sudan
[01] Babiker, S. Aand Below, A., 1986, Hot cutting of goat carcass following early postmortem high temperature aging. Meat Science. 18: 111-120.
[02] Babiker, S. A.; Moglad, M. and Koudoda, 1985. Effect of castration on performance and carcass characteristics of male desert goat. World Rev. Anim. Prod., 21 (1): 11-13.
[03] Babiker SA, El Khidir. I. A and Shafie. S. A, 1990, Chemical composition and quality attributes of goat meat and lamb. Meat Science. 28 (4): 273-277.
[04] Bello, A. N. and Babiker, S. A, 1988, Growth and carcass characteristics of Sudan desert kids and their temperate crosses. Anim. Prod., 46: 231-235.
[05] Bello, A. N. 1985, Performance of carcass characteristics of Sudan desert kids compared with their temperate crosses. M. V. Sc. Thesis, University of Khartoum.
[06] Devendra, C. 1979, “ Int. Seminar on the development of goats in Asia”, 5-11 March, 1979 Karnal, India (Memeograph) 44pp.
[07] Devendra, C. 1981, Meat production from goats in developing countries. Cited by Devendra, C and Owen, J. E. (1987). Quantitative and qualitative aspects of meat production from goats. FAO Animal production and health paper (55). Small ruminant in Near East. V. 11: 129-139.
[08] Devendra, C. and Burns, M. 1970, Goat production in the tropics. Technical communication No. 19 of the Commonwealth Beaure of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Edinburgh.
[09] Devendra, C. and Burns, M. 1983. Goat production in the tropics, Commonwealth Agricultural Beaure, Faraham Royal, U.K., 182pp.
[10] El Amin, A. M., Tibin, I. M. and El Tayeb, A. E. 1990. Effect of feeding concentrate to slaughter on performance and carcass characteristics of Sudan desert goats. Sudan J. Vet. Sci. Anim. Husb., 29 (1) 47-51.
[11] El Khidir, I. A. 1989. Goat and sheep meat production and quality. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Khartoum.
[12] El Khidir, I. A., Babiker, S. A and Shafie, S. A, 1998, Comparative feedlot performance and carcass characteristics of Sudanese desert sheep and goat. Small Ruminant Research 30: 147-151.
[13] El Moula, I. H. A, Babiker, S. A, El Khidir, O. A. and Ibrahim, S. E. 1999, Meat production from female goat kids compared with males. Journal of Agricultural Science (Camb.). 133: 223-226.
[14] FAO, 2003, Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics, Vol. 3 No. 1. Food and Agricultural Organization Rome, Italy.
[15] Gaili, E. S. E., Ghanem, Y. S. and Mukhtar, A. M. S. 1972, A comparative study of some carcass characteristics of Sudan desert sheep and goats. Animal production, 14: 351-357.
[16] Ibrahim, S. E. 1996, The effect of dietary energy level on fishing goats. M.Sc. Thesis. University of Khartoum.
[17] Islam, M. R. Saad Ullah, M. Howlider, A. R. and Hag, M. A. 1991, Estimation of tow weight and dressing carcass weight from the different body measurement of goats, Ind. J. Anim. Sci., 61 (4): 460-461.
[18] Mason, L. L. and Maule, J. P. 1960, theindigenous livestock of eastern and western Africa. Bordeaux, Farnham Royal Bicks.
[19] Ministry of Animal Resources 2005, General Administration for planning and animal resources Economics, Khartoum, Sudan.
[20] Mohamed, M. Yassin 1994, Effect of castration of Nubian male kids on performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Khartoum.
[21] Osman, B. M. 1984, The effect of feeding molasses and low quality roughages on performance and body composition of goats. M. V. Sc. Thesis, University of Khartoum.
[22] Savell, J. W., Smith, G. C., Duston, T. R., Carpenter, Z. L. and Suter, D. A. 1977, Effect of electrical stimulation on palatability of beef, lamb and goat meat. Food Sci. 42: 702-706.
[23] Wilson, R. T. and Clark, S. E. 1975, Studies on livestock of Southern Darfur Sudan. 1. The ecology and livestock resources of the area. Trop. Anim. Hlth. Prod., 7: 165-185.
[24] Zeuner, F. E. 1963, A History of DomesticatedAnimals, Hutchinson, London. 129 pp.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - 2017 American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.