International Journal of Materials Chemistry and Physics
Articles Information
International Journal of Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol.1, No.1, Aug. 2015, Pub. Date: Jul. 20, 2015
Hydrothermal Synthesis of Nanostructured Materials for Energy Harvesting Applications
Pages: 31-42 Views: 2877 Downloads: 2039
Authors
[01] Radu-Robert Piticescu, National Institute for Nonferrous and Rare Metals, Pantelimon-Ilfov, Romania.
[02] Adrian Mihail Motoc, National Institute for Nonferrous and Rare Metals, Pantelimon-Ilfov, Romania.
[03] Albert Ioan Tudor, National Institute for Nonferrous and Rare Metals, Pantelimon-Ilfov, Romania.
[04] Cristina Florentina Rusti, National Institute for Nonferrous and Rare Metals, Pantelimon-Ilfov, Romania.
[05] Roxana Mioara Piticescu, National Institute for Nonferrous and Rare Metals, Pantelimon-Ilfov, Romania.
[06] Maria Dolores Ramiro-Sanchez, AIDICO-Technological Institute for Construction, Novelda, Alicante, Spain.
Abstract
Hydrothermal synthesis is one a chemical method with high potential for obtaining nanostructured materials with controlled properties for energy harvesting applications. The main advantage of the hydrothermal processes is the ability to control nucleation and growth in complex systems containing a large number of components and dopants, without affecting the structural and morphological homogeneity. This is leading to some important technological and environmental advantages such as: one step process for direct production of crystalline ceramic powders, low energy consumption, products with much higher homogeneity than classical solid state processing, versatility in producing oxides, non-oxides and hybrid materials with different morphologies, possibility to be up-scaled to pilot and production levels. These features are proved for some selected nanomaterials with high impact in energy harvesting technologies: yttria doped zirconia nanomaterials for solid oxide fuel cells, lead zirconate titantate (PZT) used as piezoelectric materials in sensors, transducers and actuators, BST perowskite structures for sensors applications and zinc oxide as nanomatrix for encapsulating phase change materials in energy storage. The development of these complex materials was based on thermodynamic approaches and modelling methods to optimize the grain size and microstructure. Based on these approaches, future developments are expected to show the scalability of the processes from laboratory to pilot and industrial scale, thus opening new directions in the energy harvesting field.
Keywords
Nanostructures, Hydrothermal Synthesis, Thermodynamic Prediction, Modelling
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