International Journal of Materials Chemistry and Physics
Articles Information
International Journal of Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol.1, No.2, Oct. 2015, Pub. Date: Aug. 10, 2015
Hybrid Natural Fibers/Isotactic Polypropylene Composites with Degraded Polypropylene as Compatibilizer
Pages: 110-115 Views: 3932 Downloads: 1315
[01] G. M. Arifuzzaman Khan, Polymer Research Laboratory, Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia, Bangladesh.
[02] S. R. Shahrear Palash, Polymer Research Laboratory, Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia, Bangladesh.
[03] M. Terano, School of Materials Science, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Nomi, Ishikawa, Japan.
[04] M. Shamsul Alam, Polymer Research Laboratory, Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia, Bangladesh.
Interest on the field of natural fiber-thermoplastic composite has been considerably increased because of the new environmental legislation to use biodegradable fibers instead of pollution causing synthetic fibers like carbon, glass etc. In this investigation, an attempt was taken to use of inexpensive areka palm leaf fibers (APLF) as reinforcement of polypropylene (PP) composites. Degraded polypropylene (DgPP) was added in composites as a compatibilizer of hydrophilic natural fiber and hydrophobic PP matrix. The mechanical properties (tensile and flexural) of composites were more pronounced with the addition of 5 wt% DgPP. The weight percentage of APLF and PP were varied to get better mechanical strengths of composites. The (tensile and flexural) strengths were increased upto 10 wt% fiber loadings and thereafter decreased whereas the (tensile and flexural) modulus were increased with the increases of fiber loading upto maximum (20 wt%). Hybrid fibers composites were also fabricated with different combinations of APLF, pineapple leaf fiber (PALF), DgPP and PP (5+5+5+85 wt% and 5+10+5+80 wt%). The hybrid fiber composite with (5+5+5+85) wt% combination was exhibited superior mechanical properties than unreinforced PP and other composites. The water absorption properties of the composites were also studied.
Areka Palm Leaf Fiber, Polypropylene, Hybrid Natural Fiber Composites, Mechanical Properties, Water Absorption
[01] Dányádi L., Móczó J., Pukánszky B., 2010. “Effect of various surface modifications of wood flour on the properties of PP/wood composites”, Composites: Part A, 41, 199–206.
[02] El-Sabbagh A., 2014. “Effect of coupling agent on natural fibre in natural fibre/polypropylene composites on mechanical and thermal behavior”, Composites: Part B, 57, 126–135.
[03] Cantero G., Arbelaiz A., Llano-Ponte R., Mondragon I., 2003. “Effects of fibre treatment on wettability and mechanical behavior of flax/polypropylene composites”, Composites Science and Technology, 63, 1247–1254.
[04] Doan T.T.L., Gao S.L, Ma¨der E., 2006. “Jute/polypropylene composites I. Effect of matrix modification”, Composites Science and Technology, 66, 952–963.
[05] Hudaa S., Yanga Y., 2009.“A novel approach of manufacturing light-weight composites with polypropylene web and mechanically split corn husk”, Industrial Crops and Products, 30, 17–23.
[06] Khan G.M.A., M. S. Alam Shams M.S.A., M. R. Kabir M.R., M. A. Gafur M.A., M. Terano M., Alam M.S., 2013. “Influence of chemical treatment on the properties of banana stem fiber and banana stem fiber/coir hybrid fiber reinforced maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene/low-density polyethylene composites”, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 128(2), 1020–1029.
[07] Khan G.M.A., Palash S.R.S., Alam M.S., Chakraborty A.K., Gafur M.A., Terano M., 2012. “Isolation and characterization of betel nut leaf fiber: its potential application in making composites”, Polymer Composites, 33, 764–772.
[08] Khan G.M.A., Haque M.A., S.R.S., Alam M.S., 2014. “Studies on okra bast fibre-reinforced phenol formaldehyde resin composites”, Biomass and Bioenergy Processing and Properties, Edited by Khalid Rehman Hakeem, Mohammad Jawaid, Umer Rashid, 01/2014: chapter No. 10: pp157-175; Springer.
[09] Nirmal U., Yousif B.F., Rilling D., Brevern P.V., 2010. “Effect of betel nut fibres treatment and contact conditions on adhesive wear and frictional performance of polyester composites”, Wear, 268, 1354–1370.
[10] Venkateshwaran N., Elayaperumal A., Sathiya G.K., 2012. “Prediction of tensile properties of hybrid-natural fiber composites”, Composites: Part B, 43, 793–796.
[11] Karger-Kocsis J., 1995 “Polypropylenes, Copolymers and Blends”, Vol 2. Chapman and Hall, Tokyo, p. 405.
[12] Ljungberg N., Bonini C., Bortolussi F., Boisson C., Heux L., 2005. “New nanocomposite materials reinforced with cellulose whiskers in atactic polypropylene:  effect of surface and dispersion characteristics” Biomacromolecules, 6, 2732–2739.
[13] Sun, Z.-Y., Han H.-S., Dai G.-C., 2010. “Mechanical Properties of injection-molded natural fiber reinforced polypropylene composites: formulation and compounding processes”, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 29(5), 637–650.
[14] Doan T.T.L., Gao S.L., Madar E., 2006. “Jute/polypropylene composites I. Effect of matrix modification”, Composite Science and Technology, 66, 952–963.
[15] Kaewkuk S., Sutapun W., Jarukumjorn K., 2013. “Effects of interfacial modification and fiber content on physical properties of sisal fiber/polypropylene composites”, Composites: Part B, 45, 544–549.
[16] Gijsman P., Meijers G., Vitarelli G., 1999. “Comparison of the UV-degradation chemistry of polypropylene, polyethylene, polyamide 6 and polybutylene terephthalate”, Polymer Degradation and Stability, 65, 433–441.
[17] Sen K., Babu M., 2004. “Studies on indian silk. i. Macro characterization and analysis of amino acid composition”, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 92, 1080–1097.
[18] ASTM D638, Standard test method for tensile properties of plastics, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014.
[19] ASTM D790, Standard test methods for flexural properties of unreinforced and reinforced plastics and electrical insulating materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2003.
[20] Rahman R., Hasan M., Huque M., Islam N., 2009. “Physico-mechanical properties of maleic acid post treated jute fiber reinforced polypropylene composites”, Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials, 22, 365-381.
[21] ASTM D570, Standard test method for water absorption of plastics, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2010.
[22] Thompson M.R., Tzoganakis C., Rempel G. L., 1997. “Evaluation of vinylidene group content in degraded polypropylene”, Journal of Polymer Science: Part A: Polymer Chemistry, 35, 3083–3086.
[23] Karmakar A.C., Hoffmann A., Hinrichen G., 1994. “Influence of water uptake on the mechanical properties of jute fiber-reinforced polypropylene”, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 54, 1803-1807.
[24] Kretsis G., 1987. “A review of the tensile, compressive, flexural and shear properties of hybrid fibre-reinforced plastics”, Composites, 18, 13-23.
[25] Connor M., Bidaux J.E., Manson J.A.E., 1997. “A criterion for optimum adhesion applied to fibre reinforced composites” Journal of Materials Science, 32, 5059-5067.
[26] Zabihzadeh M., Dastoorian F., Ebrahimi G., 2010. “Effect of MAPE on mechanical and morphological properties of wheat straw/HDPE injection molded composites”, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 29, 123-131.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.