International Journal of Materials Chemistry and Physics
Articles Information
International Journal of Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol.1, No.2, Oct. 2015, Pub. Date: Aug. 23, 2015
Heat Treatment of Polymers: A Review
Pages: 132-140 Views: 2414 Downloads: 12939
Authors
[01] Ayman A. Aly, Mechanical Engineering Dept., College of Engineering, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia.
Abstract
Heat treatment of the polymers is considered one of the most effective methods of modification to widen their applications. Heat treatment of polymers improves their mechanical and tribological properties. This effect is a result of crystal phase increase in the polymer structure, where the elastic part of polymer viscoelasticity increases causing significant increase in compressive strength and heat conductivity. The physical and mechanical properties of polyamides are considerably affected by the degree of crystallization, which can be controlled by the change of cooling rate during the production process. Presence of small particles such as fine silica dust in polyamide matrix can alter the nucleation and cause significant increase in tensile strength and hardness accompanied by reduction in the ductility and impact strength. It is essential to consider the variation of the morphology of the cast polymer because of the difference in the cooling rate from the surface to the center, where the outer surface will be less crystalline due to the rapid solidification rate and may be less resistant to wear.
Keywords
Heat Treatment, Polymers, Mechanical and Tribological Properties
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