International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research
Articles Information
International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research, Vol.1, No.3, Aug. 2015, Pub. Date: Jul. 11, 2015
Polio Eradication in Nigeria: Prospects and Challenges-A Review
Pages: 167-172 Views: 1089 Downloads: 1354
Authors
[01] Muhammad A. B., Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
[02] Yahaya H., Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
[03] Ibrahim A., Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
[04] Tijjani M. B., Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Kaduna, Nigeria.
[05] Ahmad M. B. M. B., Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
Abstract
The global polio eradication initiative (GPEI)—an international partnership of government and private institutions—has reduced the burden of polio worldwide by more than 99 percent. However, the last 1% of the journey has experienced several setbacks and rate of progress has slowed down in the last few years. Nigeria is one of the remaining three (3) endemic countries in the world that has never interrupted the transmission of the poliovirus compared to more than 125 countries in 1988. In the past few years, Nigeria made some giant strides in polio eradication efforts. There are some obstacles to be surmounted. Controversies based on unfounded rumours about alleged adverse health effects, vaccine safety, contamination with anti-fertility drugs and virus that causes HIV/AIDS; overdose as well as promotion of anti Oral polio vaccine (OPV) sentiments by political and religious opinion leaders led to a noticeable decline in vaccine acceptance. The security challenge in the northern part of the country has put the polio eradication at risk. The federal, state governments and other stakeholders should regard the eradication of polio as a national public health emergency. Misinformation and controversy surrounding this campaign should be squarely addressed through robust public enlightenment campaign, targeting marginalized communities with information on the importance of vaccination and to respond directly to their expressed concerns. What are the prospects and challenges to polio eradication in Nigeria? This paper reviews these and other relevant issues regarding polio eradication in Nigeria.
Keywords
Polio, Eradication, Nigeria, OPV and GPEI
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