International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research
Articles Information
International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research, Vol.1, No.4, Oct. 2015, Pub. Date: Jul. 11, 2015
Potential Health Effects of Noise Among Plant Workers at Aluminum Industry in Dubai, UAE
Pages: 179-185 Views: 1383 Downloads: 570
Authors
[01] Hussein H. Y., Health Affairs Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[02] Al Faisal W., Health Affairs Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[03] Al Marashdah A. M., Health Centers Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[04] El Sawaf E. M., Health Centers Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[05] Wasfy A. S., Research and Statistics department, Ministry of Health, Dubai, UAE.
Abstract
Background: It is estimated that about 600 million workers are exposed to workplace noise worldwide. The WHO estimates that approximately 15% of the workers in developed countries are exposed to noise levels which are harmful to hearing. Objectives: To study some of potential health hazards among plant workers at aluminum industry due to exposure to worksite noise. Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted in Dubai Aluminum Company Limited (DUBAL). All workers in DUBAL were targeted in the study. The sample size was calculated by using computer program EPI-Info version “6.04”. The sample size was 400 workers with 100% response rate. Stratified random sampling technique was used. Two groups were selected according to noise level exposure. An interview questionnaire was designed for collection of data. Results: Plant workers showed significantly higher blood pressure level than administration group whether systolic (127.37 + 12.01 mmHg and 123.85 + 15.13 mmHg respectively) or diastolic (81.92 + 8.85 mmHg and 79.66 + 9.75 mmHg respectively). The two groups also differ significantly in the mean total cholesterol level (203.62 + 38.52 mmHg and 189.08 +32.94 mmHg respectively) and LDL (134.2 + 36.71 and 122.58 + 35.67 respectively). There was significantly higher pulse rate among the high exposure group (77.37 + 15.02 beats/min) than among the moderately high exposure group (72.47 + 13.82 beats/min) and the low exposure group (70.21 + 11.96 beats/min). Conclusions: Headache and pulse rate were related to the level of noise exposure at work site. Blood pressure (systolic and diastolic), total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein were all related to the place of work. Injury at work site was higher among workers exposed to noise compared with the administration departments with an apparent higher frequency of injury among workers in areas with high level of noise exposure in contrast to the low noise exposure category. Recommendations: Technical control of the problem along with admistrative control and Awareness for the workers has to be developed in an integrated health prevention and control program.
Keywords
Noise, Plant Workers, Aluminum Industry, Dubai
References
[01] Concha-Barrientos M C., Campbell-Lendrum D. Steenland K. Occupational noise: Assessing the burden of disease from work-related hearing impairment at national and local levels. Environmental Burden of Disease Series, No. 9. World Health Organization. Protection of the Human Environment. Geneva. 2004.
[02] Ana G R, Shendell D G, Brown GE, Sridhar1 M K. Assessment of Noise and Associated Health Impacts at Selected Secondary Schools in Ibadan, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental and Public Health. 2009.(2009): 1-6 [cited 2010 Jan 10]. Available from: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2009/739502.html.
[03] Doko-Jelinic J , Lukic J, Udovicic R, Zuskini E, Nola I A, Zajec Z. Workplace noise exposure after modernization of an aluminium processing complex. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol. 2009;60:343-348.
[04] Pouryaghoub G, Mehrdad R, Mohammadi S. Interaction of smoking and occupational noise exposure on hearing loss: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health 2007; 7:137: 1-5
[05] Dias A, Cordeiro R. Association between hearing loss level and degree of discomfort introduced by tinnitus in workers exposed to noise. Rev Bras Otorrinolaringol.2008;74(6):876-883
[06] Attarchi M S, Labbafinejad Y, Mohammadi S. Contemporary exposure to cigarette smoke and noise of automobile manufacturing company workers. J Public Health. 2010;18(3):245-249
[07] Babisch W. Guest Editorial: Noise and Health. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2005;113 (1): A 14-A15
[08] Mizoue T, Miyamoto T, Shimizu T. Combined effect of smoking and occupational exposure to noise on hearing loss in steel factory workers. Occup Environ Med 2003;60:56–59
[09] Kock S, Andersen T, Kolstad H A , Kofoed-Nielsen B , Wiesler F, Bonde J P. Surveillance of noise exposure in the Danish workplace: a baseline survey. Occup Environ Med 2004;61:838–843
[10] Palmer K T, Griffin M J, Syddall H E, Davis A, Pannett B, Coggon D. Occupational exposure to noise and the attributable burden of hearing difficulties in Great Britain. Occup Environ Med. 2002;59:634–639
[11] Seixas N S, Goldman B, Sheppard L, Neitzel R, Norton S, Kujawa S G. Prospective noise induced changes to hearing among construction industry apprentices. Occup Environ Med. 2005;62:309–317
[12] Boger M E, Barbosa- Branco A, Ottoni U C. The noise spectrum influence on Noise-Induced Hearing Loss prevalence in workers. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2009;75(3):328-334
[13] International Aluminium Institute (IAI). The aluminium industry’s sustainable development report. [displayed 9 April 2009, cited 2010 March 4]. Available from: http://www.world-aluminium.org/cache/fl0000107.pdf
[14] Ahmed H O, Dennis J H, Badran O, Ismail M, Ballal S G, Ashoor A, Jerwood D. Occupational Noise Exposure and Hearing Loss of Workers in Two Plants in Eastern Saudi Arabia. Ann occup Hyg. 2001;45(5):371-380
[15] Hessel P A, Sluis G K. Hearing loss in white South African goldminers. South African Medical Journal. 1987;71:364-367
[16] Hernandez-Gaytan S I, Santos-Burgo A C, Becker-Meyer J P, Macias-Carrillo C, Lopez-Cervantes M. Prevalence of hearing loss and correlated factors in a cement plant. Salud Publica de Mexico, Public Health of Mexi .2000; 42(2):106– 111
[17] Shaikh G H. Noise problem in a polyester fiber plant in Pakistan. Industrial Health.1996 ;34:427–431
[18] Osibogun A, Igweze I A, Adeniran L O. Noise-induced hearing loss among textile workers in Lagos Metropolis. The Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal.2000; 7(3):104–111
[19] Sriwattanatamma P, Breysse P . Comparison of NIOSH noise criteria and OSHA hearing conservation criteria. American Journal of Industrial Medicine.2000;37:334–338.
[20] Yildirimi I, Kilinc M, Okur E, Tolun F I, Kilic M A, Kurutas E B, Ekerbcer H C. The effects of noise on hearing and oxidative stress in textile workers. Industrial Health. 2007; 45:743–749
[21] Krishnamurti S. Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with Occupational Noise Exposure: Effects of Age-Corrections. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health. 2009; 6:889-899
[22] Gidikova P, Prakova G, Ruev P, Sandeva G. Hearing impairment among workers occupationally exposed to excessive levels of noise. Central European Journal of Medicine.2007;2(3):313–318
[23] Al-Otaibi S T. Occupational hearing loss. Saudi Medical Journal 2000; 21 (6): 523-530
[24] Chang S, Chang C. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Noise-induced Hearing Loss among Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Cylinder Infusion Workers in Taiwan. Industrial Health. 2009; 47:603–610
[25] Gomes J, Lloyd O, Norman N. The health of the workers in a rapidly developing country: effects of occupational exposure to noise and heat. Occupational Medicine. 2002;52(3):121-128
[26] Ahmed H O, Dennis J H, Badran O, Ismail M, Ballal S G, Ashoor A, Jerwood D. Occupational Noise Exposure and Hearing Loss of Workers in Two Plants in Eastern Saudi Arabia. Ann occup Hyg. 2001;45(5):371-380
[27] Singh L P, Bhardwaj A, Deepak K K, Bedi R. Occupational Noise Exposure in Small Scale Hand Tools Manufacturing (Forging) Industry (SSI) in Northern India. Industrial Health. 2009; 47: 423–430.
[28] Bin W S, Richardson S, Yeow P H. An ergonomics study of a semiconductors factory in an IDC for improvement in occupational health and safety. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2010;16(3):345-356.
[29] Mahendra P M, Sridhar V. The relationship between noise frequency components and physical, physiological and psychological effects of industrial workers. Noise Health. 2008;10(40):90-98.
[30] Wieclaw J, Agerbo E, Mortensen P, Bonde J. Risk of affective and stress related disorders among employees in human service professions. Occup Environ Med.2006;63(5): 314–319.
[31] Melchior M, Niedhammer I, Berkman L F, Gold-berg M. Psychosocial work factors, social relations, and sickness absence: a 6-year prospective study of the GAZEL cohort. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2003; 57:285–293.
[32] Kumar G V, Dewangan K N, Sarkar A. Noise exposure in oil mills. Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2008;12(1): 23–28.
[33] Jakovljevic B, Belojevic G, Paunovic K, Stojanov V. Road Traffic Noise and Sleep Disturbances in an Urban Population: Cross-sectional Study. Croat Med J. 2006;47:125-133.
[34] Salameh A I. Effects of Occupational Noise Exposure on Blood Pressure, Pulse Rate, and Hearing Threshold Levels of Workers in Selected Industrial Plants in Jenin City, Palestine. [ Master Thesis] An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine. 2005.
[35] Powazka E, Pawlas K, Zahorska-Markiewicz B, Zejda J El. A crosssectional study of occupational noise exposure and blood pressure in steelworkers. Noise & Health.2002; 5: 15-22.
[36] Zhao Y, Zhang S, Selvin S, Spear R C. A dose-response relationship for occupational noise-induced hypertension. Br J Ind Med. 2009;88:189-207.
[37] Stanbury M, Rafferty A P, Rosenman K. Prevalence of hearing loss and workrelated noise-induced hearing loss in Michigan. J Occup Environ Med. 2008;50(1):72-79.
[38] Haralabidis A S, Dimakopoulou K, Vigna-Taglianti F. Acute effects of nighttime noise exposure on blood pressure in populations living near airports. European Heart Journal .2008;29:658–664.
[39] Lee J H, Kang W, Yaang S R, Choy N, Lee C R,: Cohort study for the effect of chronic noise exposure on blood pressure among male workers in Busan, Korea. Am J Ind Med. 2009; 52(6):509-517.
[40] Rizk S A , Sharaf N E. Health hazards among a sample of workers exposed to a combination of noise and organic solvents in a fermentation factory in Egypt. Nature and Science. 2010;8(6):95-99.
[41] Janghorbani M, Sheikhi A, Pourabdian S. The Prevalence and Correlates of Hearing Loss in Drivers in Isfahan, Iran. Arch Iranian Med. 2009; 12 (2): 128 – 134.
[42] Cordeiro R, Clemente A P, Diniz C S, Dias A. Occupational noise as a risk factor for work-related injuries. Rev. Saúde Pública.2005;39 (3):461-466.
[43] Melamed S, Fried Y, Froom P. The joint effect of noise exposure and job complexity on distress and injury risk among men and women: the cardiovascular occupational risk factors determination. J Occup Environ Med. 2004 ;46(10):1023-32.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - 2017 American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.