International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research
Articles Information
International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research, Vol.1, No.1, Apr. 2015, Pub. Date: Mar. 25, 2015
Prevalence and Some associated Factors of Passive Smoking Among Iraqi (Adolescents and Children)
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[01] Hamid Y. Hussain, Department of community medicine, faculty of medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.
Background: Second-hand tobacco smoke is present in virtually all places where smoking takes place (at home, in the workplace, in bars, restaurants, public buildings, hospitals, public transport and educational institutions. objectives: To study the prevalence of second hand smoking among Iraqi adolescents ,to study some socio-demographic and epidemiological characteristics of affected population Methodology: A school-based analytical cross-sectional study conducted in primary, and secondary schools in, Baghdad/ Iraq. Age range (6-18) both genders, males and females, the adequate sample size selected was 1650; using Multistage stratified random sample technique, with proportional allocation according to the number of schools selected, number of classes as well as age and gender stratifications. Results: the prevalence of Passive smoking among child and adolescent groups enrolled in the study was 34.2% higher at younger age groups 17.2% among age (6-9) and 11.2% among (10-13) and 5.7% among(14-17), the difference was statistically significant P < 0.01. females are more exposed than male(18.7, 14.4 ) respectively and P <0.04, Indoor exposure showed significantly higher than outdoor (26.6, 9.4) respectively and P value < 0.002, passive smoking was more among those who exposed more than 3 days per week in comparison with less than 3 days P vale <0.03. poor knowledge on second hand smoking (19.5%) compare to those who have good knowledge (4.1%) p<0.003 same for believe (attitude) as it is more prevalent with those who do not believe in passive smoking hazards (24.9%), P,0.001. compare to 9.2% among believe in passive smoking, step was logistic regression analysis showed that the following factors are the main predictors for passive smoking impact, age (OR 2.08 95%CI 1.48-2.93, gender OR 1.8 95%CI 1.21-2.87, place of exposure 2.75 95%CI 1.62-4.68, knowledge OR 8.8 95% CI 4.65-14.39. Conclusion: Second hand smoking is highly prevalent among children and adolescents segments of Iraqi population, exposure to passive smoking strongly linked with age, gender, place of exposure, duration of exposure, knowledge and attitude factors.
Second Hand Smoking, Adolescent, Iraq
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