International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research
Articles Information
International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research, Vol.3, No.2, Apr. 2017, Pub. Date: Oct. 30, 2017
Visual Impairment Screening and Early Interventions Among Schooling Kids in Dubai, Dubai-UAE-2016
Pages: 6-8 Views: 26 Downloads: 14
Authors
[01] Manal Mohamed Omran, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[02] Hamid Y. Hussein, Health Affairs Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[03] Waleed Al Faisal, Health Affairs Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[04] Nusaiba Al Behandy, Health Affairs Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[05] Noora Elkouka, Noor Dubai Foundation, Dubai, UAE.
Abstract
Background: Amblyopia and strabismus can reduce quality of life, function, and school performance. Identification of vision problems as early as possible could help identify children who might benefit from early interventions. Objectives: To identify children who are visually impaired, children with strabismus and/or amblyopia or at risk of developing them. Methodology: A cross sectional study was carried out on randomly selected sample of 316 students, age range is 6-11 Years, and grades are 1 and 5. Visual assessment has been carried out by three well trained and experienced optometrists from Dubai Hospital and Primary Health Care at Dubai Health Authority. Assessment setting was Al Sadiq Private school clinic. Two clinics was equiped by Noor Dubai, school clinic and mobile clinic installed in school for two successive days (it is fully furnished with vision assessment equipments). Results: The study showed that about 38.9% of total sample visually assessed were having error of refraction. The common errors of refraction identified were myopia (9.8%), hypermetropia (4.9%), and astigmatism (43.9%). There are number of eye morbidities detected during visual screening like nyestagmous (0.3%), strabismus (0.6%), Cataract (0.3%) and Conjunctivitis 0.3%). All cases were referred for further intervention. Conclusions: The study concluded that errors of refractions and other eye morbidities are tremendously prevalent among younger age groups of students. National wise visual impairment screening and early eye morbidities detection need to be considered at the levels of policy and decision making. It is strongly recommended that they are listed as one of the mandatory screening for children national wise.
Keywords
Visual Impairment, Screening, Intervention, Schooling Kids, Dubai
References
[01] Hartmann EE, Dobson V, Hainline L, et al. Preschool vision screening: summary of a Task Force report. Pediatrics. 2000; 106 (5): 1105–1116.
[02] Webber AL, Wood JM, Gole GA, Brown B. Effect of amblyopia on self-esteem in children. Optom Vis Sci. 2008; 85 (11): 1074–1081.
[03] Simons K. Preschool vision screening: rationale, methodology and outcome. Surv Ophthalmol. 1996; 41 (1): 3–30.
[04] Rahi JS, Logan S, Timms C, Russell-Eggitt I, Taylor D. Risk, causes, and outcomes of visual impairment after loss of vision in the non-amblyopic eye: a population-based study. Lancet. 2002; 360: 597–602.
[05] Rahi JS, Cumberland P, Peckham C. Does amblyopia affect educational, health and social outcomes? Findings from the 1958 British birth cohort. BMJ. 2006; 332: 820–825.
[06] Ciner E, Schmidt P, Orel-Bixler D, et al. Vision screening of preschool children: evaluating the past, looking toward the future. Optom Vis Sci. 1998; 75: 571–584.
[07] Keech R, Kutschke P. Upper age limit for the development of amblyopia. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1995; 32: 89–93.
[08] Assefa Wolde Yared, Wasie Taye Belaynew, Shiferaw Destaye, Tsegaw Ayanaw, and Eshete Zelalem. Prevalence of Refractive Errors Among School Children in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2012 Oct-Dec; 19 (4): 372–376. doi: 10.4103/0974-9233.102742.
[09] Hassan Hashemi, Farhad Rezvan, Asghar Beiranvand, Omid-Ali Papi, Hosein Hoseini Yazdi, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Abbas Ali Yekta, Reza Norouzirad, and Mehdi Khabazkhoob. Prevalence of Refractive Errors among High School Students in Western Iran. J Ophthalmic Vis Res. 2014 Apr; 9 (2): 232–239.
[10] Rezvan F, Khabazkhoob M, Fotouhi A, Hashemi H, Ostadimoghaddam H, Heravian J, et al. Prevalence of refractive errors among school children in Northeastern Iran. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2012; 32: 25–30.
[11] Fotouhi A, Hashemi H, Khabazkhoob M, Mohammad K. The prevalence of refractive errors among schoolchildren in Dezful, Iran. Br J Ophthalmol. 2007; 91: 287–292.
[12] Yekta A, Fotouhi A, Hashemi H, Dehghani C, Ostadimoghaddam H, Heravian J, et al. Prevalence of refractive errors among schoolchildren in Shiraz, Iran. Clin Experiment Ophthalmol. 2010; 38: 242–248.
[13] Ostadi-Moghaddam H, Fotouhi A, Khabazkhoob M, Heravian J, Yekta AA. Prevalence and risk factors of refractive errors among schoolchildren in Mashhad, 2006-2007. Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology. 2008; 20: 3–9.
[14] N. Prema, Prevalence of refractive error in school children, Indian Journal of Science and Technology Vol. 4 No. 9 (Sep 2011) ISSN: 0974-6846.
[15] Seema S, Vashisht B, Meenakshi K and Manish G. Magnitude of refractive errors among school children in a rural block of Haryana. The Internet J. Epidemiol. 2009. 2 (6), 21-24. 2. 3.
[16] Sonam Sethi and Kartha GP. Prevalence of refractive errors in school children (12-17 Years) of Ahmedabad City. Indian J. Community Medicine. 2010. 4 (25), 16-20.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - 2017 American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.