International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research
Articles Information
International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research, Vol.1, No.2, Jun. 2015, Pub. Date: May 14, 2015
Toxic Gangrenous Megacolon: A Novel Surgical Emergency in MELAS
Pages: 17-21 Views: 1389 Downloads: 548
[01] Sivakumar Gopalswamy, Department of Surgery, Royal Cornwall Hospital, Truro, Cornwall, UK.
[02] Joseph Mathew, Department of Pathology, Royal Cornwall Hospital, Truro, Cornwall, UK.
MELAS syndrome (mitochondrial cytopathy, encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke like episodes) is a syndrome in which signs and symptoms of gastro-intestinal disease are uncommon, if not rare. We describe a young female patient who presented as an acute surgical emergency, diagnosed as toxic mega colon necessitating an emergency total colectomy; the diagnosis of MELAS syndrome was made post-operatively. This diagnosis should be considered in patients presenting with acute ischemic colitis or toxic mega colon who have persistent lactic acidosis with encephalopathy and a stormy post-operative course.
Encephalopathy, Lactic Acidosis, MELAS, Toxic Colon
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