International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research
Articles Information
International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research, Vol.1, No.3, Aug. 2015, Pub. Date: Jun. 10, 2015
A Study on the Prevalence and KAP Regarding Cervical Cancer Among Women Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital in Perambalur
Pages: 71-78 Views: 1312 Downloads: 2058
Authors
[01] T. Varadheswari, Dhanalakshmi Srinivasan Medical College and Hospital, Siruvachur, Perambalur, Tamil Nadu.
[02] Rahul Hanumant Dandekar, Dept. of Community Medicine, Dhanalakshmi Srinivasan Medical College and Hospital, Siruvachur, Perambalur, Tamil Nadu.
[03] T. Sharanya, Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dhanalakshmi Srinivasan Medical College and Hospital, Siruvachur, Perambalur, Tamil Nadu.
Abstract
Article title: A study on the prevalence and KAP regarding cervical cancer among women attending a tertiary care hospital in Perambalur. Background: The level of awareness on cervical cancer of the female population of Perambalur is unknown. Nevertheless, it is an important parameter for the development and monitoring of a screening program and for the follow-up of an eventual vaccination against HPV in the future. A positive attitude towards screening for premalignant cervical lesions can help in bringing down the prevalence of cervical cancer. Methodology: Seventy four women attending the OBG department at a tertiary care hospital in Perambalur were comprised the study population. Pap smear test was done for all the women to estimate the prevalence. A questionnaire was prepared and the women were interviewed to assess their knowledge, attitude and practices regarding cervical cancer. Results: Only one of the women had shown uncertain result (ASC-US) on screening cervical cancer. Intraepithelial neoplasia was not detected in any women participants at the end of screening. Twenty seven of the participants had good knowledge. About 56.75% of the study population had satisfactory knowledge while 6.75% had only poor knowledge about cervical cancer, its screening modalities and its significance. The participants had showed 83.78% positive attitude towards cervical cancer screening. The majority of participants were not undergoing screening for cervical cancer. Only 1.35% were found to have good screening practice on cervical cancer with 1.35% of the women having irregular. Conclusion: The study was revealed that though reasonable knowledge about cervical cancer present among half of the women participants, there was a very low screening rate in the community. This was mostly rendered towards the lack of proper infrastructure, facilities and partly towards the hesitation shown by the women.
Keywords
Cervical Cancer, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice
References
[01] Cervical Cancer Global Crisis Card. May report by the Cervical Cancer Free Coalition, a U.S.-based advocacy group. Available at: http://www.cervicalcancerfreecoalition.org/wp-content/uploads/Cervical-Cancer-Global-Crisis-Card_2013.pdf
[02] Park TW, Fujiwara H, Wright TC. Molecular biology of cervical cancer and its precursors. Cancer. 1995 Nov 15;76(10 Suppl):1902-13. Review.
[03] Ferlay J, Shin HR, Bray F, Forman D, Mathers C, and Parkin DM. Estimates of worldwide burden of cancer in 2008: GLOBOCAN 2008. Int J Cancer. 2010
[04] Jemal A, Bray F, Center MM, Ferlay J, Ward E, and Forman D. Global cancer statistics. CA Cancer J Clin. 2011 Mar-Apr;61(2):69-90.
[05] World Health Organization. Human papillomavirus and related cancers. Summary Report Update, June 22, 2010. 2010. Available at: http://screening.iarc.fr/doc/Human%20Papillomavirus%20and%20Related%20Cancers.pdf
[06] National Cancer Institute and U.S.Institute of Health. What is cancer: defining cancer. 2010. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/cancerlibrary/what-is-cancer
[07] Robbins and Cotran ‘Pathologic Basis of Disease’8th edition
[08] Munoz N1, Bosch FX, de Sanjosé S, Herrero R, Castellsagué X, Shah KV, Snijders PJ, Meijer CJ. Epidemiologic classification of human papillomavirus types associated with cervical cancer. International Agency for Research on Cancer Multicenter Cervical Cancer Study Group. N Engl J Med. 2003 Feb 6;348(6):518-27.
[09] Williams Gynecology Second edition by Hofman, Schore, Schaffer, Halvorson, Bradshaw,
[10] Kitchener HC et al and ARTISTIC Trial Study Group. ARTISTIC: a randomised trial of human papillomavirus (HPV) testing in primary cervical screening. Health Technol Assess. 2009
[11] ‘Textbook of Pathology’by Harsh Mohan 6th edition
[12] Yu CK, Rymer J. Women’s attitudes to and awareness of smear testing and cervical cancer.Br J Fam Plan. 1998; 23(4): 27-33
[13] Pap smear and Cervical Cancer Screening: Accessed from MedIndia on 10th October 2014 www.medindia.net/patients/patientsinfo/cervialcancer.htm
[14] K. S. Louie, S. De Sanjose, and P. Mayaud, “Epidemiology and prevention of human papillomavirus and cervical cancer in sub-Saharan Africa: a comprehensive review,” Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 1287–1302, 2009.
[15] Mitra S. Study of the risk factors for cancer cervix in a speciality hospital in Kolkata. J of Community Medicine,5,1-5.
[16] Nandakumar A, Anantha N, Venugopal TC. Incidence, mortality and survival in cancer of the cervix in Bangalore, India. Br J Cancer. 1995 Jun; 71(6): 1348–1352.
[17] Hoque M, Hoque E, Kader SB. Evaluation of cervical cancer screening program at a rural community of South Africa. East Afr J Public Health. 2008 Aug;5(2):111-6.
[18] Terefe Y, Gaym A. Knowledge, attitude and practice of screening for carcinoma of the cervix among reproductive health clients at three teaching hospitals, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Ethiopian J of Reproductive Health, 2, 14-7.
[19] Mathew A, George PS. Trends in incidence and mortality rates of squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of Cervix-worldwide. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2009 Oct-Dec;10(4):645-50.
[20] Lambert EC. College students’ knowledge of human papillomavirus and effectiveness of a brief educational intervention. J Am Board Fam Pract. 2001 May-Jun;14(3):178-83.
[21] Ralston DJ, Taylor VM., Yasui Y et al. Knowledge of cervical cancer risk factors among Chinese immigrants in Seattle. J Community Health. 2003 Feb;28(1):41-57.
[22] Peter NA, Navkiran KS. Cervical cancer screening among college students in Ghana: Knowledge and health beliefs. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2009 Apr;19(3):412-6.
[23] Wong LP, Wong YL, Low WY, et al. Knowledge and awareness of cervical cancer and screening among Malaysian women who have never had a Pap smear: A qualitative study. Singapore Med J. 2009 Jan;50(1):49-53.
[24] Oh JK, Lim MK, Yun EH, Lee EH, Shin HR. Awareness of and attitude towards human papillomavirus infection and vaccination for cervical cancer prevention among adult males and females in Korea: A nationwide interview survey. Vaccine. 2010 Feb 17;28(7):1854-60.
[25] Ayinde OA, Omigbodun AO, Ilesanmi AO. Awareness of cervical cancer, papanicolaou’s smear and its utilisation among female undergraduates in Ibadan. Afr J Reprod Health. 2004 Dec;8(3):68-80.
[26] Bener A, Denic S, Alwash R. Screening for cervical cancer among Arab women (brief communication). Int J Gynecol Obstet, 74, 305-7.
[27] Cyrus-David MS, Michielutte R, Paskett ED, DAgostino R Jr, Goff D. Cervical cancer risk as a predictor- pap smear use in rural North Caroline. J Rural Health. 2002 Winter;18(1):67-76.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - 2017 American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.