International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research
Articles Information
International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research, Vol.1, No.2, Jun. 2015, Pub. Date: May 28, 2015
Compliance to Treatment and Quality of Life of Sudanese Patients with Heart Failure
Pages: 40-44 Views: 1396 Downloads: 523
Authors
[01] Mugahed Ali Ahmed AL-khadher, Medical-Surgical Nursing Department, Sudan International University, PhD Nursing Student of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan.
[02] Imad Fadl-Elmula, Department of Pathology, Nahda College, Khartoum, Sudan.
[03] Waled Amen Mohammed Ahmed, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Albaha University, Al-Baha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Abstract
Background: Heart failure is known to decrease the quality of life, especially in non-compliance patients with regards to medications and life style changes. Objective: The present study aimed to determine the level of compliance to treatment and quality of life of Sudanese patients with heart failure. Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 76 patients with heart failure admitted to the Sudan Heart Institute. Demographic and clinical data including the compliance (medication, sodium restriction, fluid restriction, daily weights, exercises, and appointment-keeping) were collected. The quality of life was measured using the Minnesota living with heart failure Questionnaire. The data were collected from all patients and the analyzed using SPSS version 22 software. Results: Heart failure patients showed low compliance ranged between 11.84% and 75% of which the highest compliance was to medication (75%) followed by the follow-up appointments (71.05%), and the lowest compliances were to the fluids restrictions (11.84%), the weight monitoring (17.10%), regular exercise (21.05%), and the sodium restriction (27.6%). Quality of life score ranged between 62-97 score and the Mean (SD) 83.6 (7.82) which revealed of poor quality of life in most of Sudanese patients with heart failure involved in the present study. Conclusion: The study showed that patients with heart failure in Sudan have low compliance to treatment and poor quality of life.
Keywords
Heart Failure, Treatment Compliance, Quality of Life, Sudan
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