International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research
Articles Information
International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research, Vol.1, No.3, Aug. 2015, Pub. Date: Jul. 10, 2015
Prevalence of Bronchial Asthma and Its Association with Obesity and Overweight Among Adolescents in Dubai, UAE
Pages: 118-125 Views: 1194 Downloads: 425
Authors
[01] AlBehandy N. S., School and Educational Institutions Health Unit, Health Affars Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[02] Hussein H., School and Educational Institutions Health Unit, Health Affars Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[03] Al Faisal W., School and Educational Institutions Health Unit, Health Affars Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[04] El Sawaf E., Health Centers Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[05] Wasfy A., Statistics and Research Department, Ministry of Health, Dubai, UAE.
[06] Alshareef N., School and Educational Institutions Health Unit, Health Affars Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[07] Altheeb A. A. S., School and Educational Institutions Health Unit, Health Affars Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
Abstract
Background: Asthma and obesity are recently evolved into two major public health concerns in developed countries. Objectives: The objective of this study was to measure the prevalence of bronchial asthma among preparatory and secondary school students in Dubai, and to study the association of bronchial asthma with overweight and obesity and some socio-demographic characteristics among preparatory and secondary school students in Dubai. Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted among students of preparatory and secondary schools (private and governmental schools) in Dubai using a stratified random sample technique. The study sample included 1639 children. Results: It was brought out that 16.7% of the study students have had an asthma attack at some point of time with ever complaining of chest wheeze where near three fourths of them complained of this wheeze during the past 12 months prior to the research. Emirian students and those in governmental schools were more affected with bronchial asthma. Obesity and overweight expressed as BMI were among factors associated with increase the prevalence of asthma among school students in preparatory and secondary schools abreast with family history of asthma and being male. Conclusion: Body weight and family history of bronchial asthma patients contribute significantly in the development of bronchial asthma. There is a need to develop a national asthma surveillance system for screening of bronchial asthma among school children, launching a national asthma public education campaigns, targeting childhood overweight and obesity and lunching a prospective study with a large sample size for further investigation of the relation-ship between asthma and childhood overweight and obesity.
Keywords
Bronchial Asthma, Obesity, Overweight, Dubai Students
References
[01] National Asthma Education and Prevention Program: Expert panel report III: Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma. Bethesda: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute 2007. [Cited on January 30, 2011]. Available from: www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/asthma/asthgdln.htm.
[02] Elamin EM. Asthma and obesity: a real connection or a casual association? Chest journal 2004 Jun;125(6):1972-4.
[03] Lai CK, Beasley R, Crane J, Foliaki S, Shah J, Weiland S. Global variation in the prevalence and severity of asthma symptoms: phase three of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). Thorax 2009 Jun;64(6):476-83.
[04] Bisgaard H, Szefler, S. Prevalence of asthma-like symptoms in young children. Pediatr Pulmonol 2007 Aug;42(8):723-8.
[05] Bateman ED, Hurd SS, Barnes PJ, Bousquet J, Drazen JM, FitzGerald MM, Gibson P, Ohta K, O‟Byrne P. Pedersen SE, Pizzichini E, Sullivan SD, Wenzel SE, Zar HJ. Global strategy for asthma management and prevention: GINA executive summary. Eur Respir J 2008 Jan;31(1):143-78.
[06] Akinbami L. Asthma prevalence, health care use and mortality: United States 2003-05, CDC National Center for Health Statistics 2006. [Cited on February 5, 2011]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hestat/asthma03-05/asthma03-05.htm
[07] DeFrances CJ, Cullen KA, Kozak LJ. National Hospital Discharge Survey: 2005 Annual Summary with Detailed Diagnosis and Procedure Data. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Statistics 13 2007 Dec;(165):1-209.
[08] Alsowaidi S, Adulle A, Bernsen R. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Asthma among Adolescents and Their Parents in Al-Ain (United Arab Emirates). Respiration 2010;79(2):105-11.
[09] Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Curtin LR, Lamb MM, Flegal KM. Prevalence of high body mass index in US children and adolescents, 2007–2008. JAMA 2010 Jan 20;303(3):242-9.
[10] National Center for Health Statistics. Health, United States, 2004 with Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans [pdf 3.8M]. Hyattsville, MD; 2004. [Cited on February 4, 2011]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus04trend.pdf#070.
[11] Malik M, Bakir A. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among children in the United Arab Emirates. Obes Rev 2007 Jan;8(1):15-20.
[12] Moore C. Obesity and Asthma. Report. Business Briefing: US Respiratory Care 2005. [Cited on February 5, 2011]. Available from: http://www.touchrespiratory.com/files/article_pdfs/resp_2265
[13] Guerra S, Wright AL, Morgan WJ, Sherrill DL, Holberg CJ, Martinez FD. Persistence of asthma symptoms during adolescence: role of obesity and age of onset of puberty. Am J Resp Crit Care Med 2004 Jul 1;170(1):78-85.
[14] Weiss ST, Shore S. Obesity and Asthma: Direction for research. Am J Resp Crit Care Med 2004 Apr 15;169(8):963-8.
[15] Johnson F, Wardle J, Griffith, J. The Adolescent Food Habits Checklist: reliability and validity of a measure of healthy eating behaviour in adolescents. Eur J Clin Nutr 2002 Jul;56(7):644-9.
[16] Norman GR, Streiner DL. Biostatistics, the bare essentials, 2nd ed. Hamilton, BC Decker Inc 2000.
[17] Al-Kubaisy W, Ali SH, Al-Thamiri D. Risk factors for asthma among primary school children in Baghdad, Iraq. Saudi Med J 2005 Mar;26(3):460-6.
[18] Burke W, Fesinmeyer M, Reed K, Hampson L, Carlsten C. Family history as a predictor of asthma risk. Am J Prev Med 2003 Feb;24(2):160-9.
[19] Chatkin MN, Menezes AM, Victora CG, Barros FC. High prevalence of asthma in preschool children in southern Brazil: a population-based study. Pediatr Pulmonol 2003 Apr;35(4):296-301.
[20] Liebhart J, Malolepszy J, Wojtyniak B, Pisiewicz K, Plusa T, Gladysz U. Polish Multicentre Study of Epidemiology of Allergic Diseases: Prevalence and risk factors for asthma in Poland: results from the PMSEAD study. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 2007;17(6):367-74.
[21] Hallstrand TS, Fischer ME, Wurfel MM, Afari N, Buchwald D, Goldberg J. Genetic pleiotropy between asthma and obesity in a community-based sample of twins. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2005 Dec;116(6):1235-41.
[22] Kajbaf TZ, Asar S, Alipoor MR. Relationship between obesity and asthma symptoms among children in Ahvaz, Iran: a cross sectional study. Ital J Pediatr 2011 Jan 6;37:1.
[23] Gilliland FD, Berhane K, Islam T, McConnell R, Gauderman WJ, Gilliland SS, Avol E, Peters JM: Obesity and the risk of newly diagnosed asthma in school-age children. Am J Epidemiol 2003, 158(5):406-15.
[24] Cassol VE, Rizzato TM, Teche SP, Basso DF, Hirakata VN, Maldonado M. Prevalence and severity of asthma among adolescents and their relationship with the body mass index. J Pediatr (Rio J) 2005 Jul-Aug;81(4):305-9.
[25] Beuther DA, Sutherland ER. Overweight, obesity, and incident asthma: a meta-analysis of prospective epidemiologic studies. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2007 Apr 1;175(7):661-6.
[26] Nystad W, Meyer HE, Nafstad P, Tverdal A, Engeland A. Body mass index in relation to adult asthma among 135,000 Norwegian men and women. Am J Epidemiol 2004 Nov 15;160(10):969-76.
[27] Sharma S, Tailor A, Warrington R, Cheang M. Is Obesity Associated with an Increased Risk for Airway Hyperresponsiveness and Development of Asthma?. Allergy Asthma ClinImmunol 2008 Jun 15;4(2):51-8.
[28] Asher MI, Keil U, Anderson HR, Beasley R, Crane J, Martinez F, Mitchell EA, Pearce N, Sibbald B, Stewart AW. International study of asthma and allergies in childhood (ISAAC): rationale and methods. Eur Respir J 1995 Mar;8(3):483-91.
[29] Bueso AK, Berntsen S, Mowinckel P, Andersen LF, Lødrup Carlsen KC, Carlsen KH. Dietary intake in adolescents with asthma – potential for improvement. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2011 Feb;22(1 Pt 1):19-24.
[30] Pietrobelli A, De Cristofaro P. Pulmonary health and healthy diet. Allergol et Immunopathol 2008;36(4):212-4.
[31] Schröder H, Marrugat J, Vila J, Covas MI, Elosua R. Adherence to the Traditional Mediterranean Diet Is Inversely Associated with Body Mass Index and Obesity in a Spanish Population. J Nutr 2004 Dec;134(12):3355-61
[32] Barros R, Moreira A, Fonseca J, de Oliveira JF, Delgado L, Castel-Branco MG, Haahtela T, Lopes C, Moreira P. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and fresh fruit intake are associated with improved asthma control. Allergy 2008 Jul;63(7):917-23.
[33] Remes ST, Pekkanen J, Remes K, Salonen RO, Korppi M. In search of childhood asthma: questionnaire, tests of bronchial hyperresponsiveness, and clinical evaluation. Thorax 2002 Feb;57(2):120-6.
[34] Jana Krystofova, Milos Jesenak, Peter Banovcin. Bronchial asthma and obesity in childhood. ACTA MEDICA (Hradec Králové) 2011; 54(3):102–10.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - 2017 American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.