International Journal of Plant Science and Ecology
Articles Information
International Journal of Plant Science and Ecology, Vol.6, No.3, Sep. 2020, Pub. Date: Jul. 23, 2020
Comparative Effects of Nine Indigenous Multipurpose Tree Species on Maize Yield
Pages: 39-43 Views: 109 Downloads: 21
[01] Shingiro Christian, School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, College of Agriculture Animal Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, University of Rwanda, Musanze, Rwanda.
[02] Mparara Kasanziki Charles, Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.
[03] Nyiraneza Claudine, Department of crop Intensification, Rwanda Agriculture Board, Huye, Rwanda.
Successful integration of useful trees and perennials into food crop production system is a key to developing sustainable agriculture in the tropics region. Alley cropping or inter-planting multipurpose tree legumes with annual food crops provides an ecologically sound basis for new farming system development. In this respect, nine indigenous multipurpose tree species; Croton megalocarpus, Pterygota mildbraedii, Podocarpus latifolius, Markhamia platycalyx, Polyscias fulva, Erythrina abyssinica, Ficus thonningii, Maesopsis eminii, Syzygium parvifolium were evaluated for their performance on crop yield, notably Maize planted in alley cropping system at Ruhashya sector, Huye district. These trees were planted in a randomized complete block design system with three replications. In the middle season these trees were pruned and thinned to assess their biomass nutritional concentrations. Maize was planted together with tree species in an alley cropping system. Data collected from the experiment included tree diameters at breast height (cm), total height of trees (m), nutritional concentrations of tree leaf biomass, number of leaves, leaves diameter, maize height, leaves diameter, total maize biomass and dry grain weight. It was found with the result that Sygygium parvifolium had the highest number of leaves (12.29) and highest leaves diameter (8.66cm) approximately two times more than Maesopsis eminii which had the lowest number of leaves (8.35) and lowest leaves diameter (4.50cm). The highest maize biomass and grain yield was found for Ptergotha mildbraedi (6.56 ton ha-1 and 2.89 ton ha-1 respectively) approximately 3 times and 4 times more than Maesopsis eminii which had the lowest maize biomass and grain yield. We concluded that to increase the crop production Ptergotha mildbraedi would be the best choice for intercropping. However, the choice should depend on the need of the farmers, for example if the purpose is to produce timber Maesopsis eminii and Croton megalocarps could be the best choice.
Indigenous Multipurpose Trees, Biomass, Maize
[01] UNESCO 2017. Rwanda country profile.
[02] Sustainable Agriculture Network-SAN. Managing Cover Crops Profitability, 3rd ed.; Sustainable Agriculture Network: Beltsville, MD, USA, 2008.
[03] Pumariño, L., Weldesemayat, S. G., Gripenberg, S., Kaartinen, R., Barrios, E., Muchane, M. N., Midega, C. J. M., (2014). Effects of agroforestry on pest disease and weed control: A meta-analysis. Basic and Applied Ecology. 16 (2015): 573–582.
[04] MacLean, R. H., Litsinger, J. A., Moody, K., Watson, A. K., Libetario, E. M., (2003). Impact of Gliricidia sepium and Cassia spectabilis hedgerows on weeds and insect pests of upland rice. Agriculture. Ecosystems and Environment. 94 (2003): 275–288.
[05] Katende, A. B., Birnie, A., Tengnäs. B., (1995). Useful trees and shrubs for Uganda: identification, propagation and management for agricultural and pastoral communities Technical Handbook 10. Regional Soil Conservation Unit. Nairobi. Kenya. 710 pp.
[06] Nduwamungu, J., (2011). Forest plantations and woodlots in Rwanda. African Forest Forum (AFF) Working Paper Series. Vol. 1. Issue 14. 2011. Nairobi.
[07] Rajashekhara, R. B. K., Siddaramappa, R., (2008). Evaluation of soil quality parameters in a tropical paddy soil amended with rice residue and tree litters. European Journal of Soil Biology. 44 (2008): 334–340.
[08] Luedeling, E.,(2016). Field-scale modeling of tree–crop interactions: Challenges and development needs. Agricultural Systems 142, 51–69.
[09] Ekhuya, N. J., Wesonga, J. M., Mowo, J., (2015). Influence of selected tree species on soil characteristics, growth and yield of maize in Western Kenya. African journal of agricultural research 10 (24): 2399-2406.
[10] Kang, B.T., Akinnifesi, F.K., (2000). Agroforestry as alternative land-use production systems for the tropics. Nat Resour Forum 24: 137–151.
[12] American Society for Testing and Materials (1971). The Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Part II, 225-232.
[13] Division of Agricultural Chemistry Indian Agricultural Research Institute New Delhi (2012). Practical Manual on Measurement of Soil chemical Properties. part I, 5-45.
[14] Diriba, G., Mekonnen, H., Ashenafi, M., Agdugna, T., (2013). Nutritive value of selected browse and herbeceous forage legumes adapted to medium altitude subhumid areas of Western Oromia, Ethiopia. Glob Vet 11 (6): 809–816.
[15] Oyebamiji, N. A., Jamala, G. Y., Adelani, D. O., (2019). Effects of Agroforestry Trees Biomass and Urea on Maize Tasselling and Silking Production, International scientific journal. 120 (2) 250-258.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.