Journal of Agricultural Science and Engineering
Articles Information
Journal of Agricultural Science and Engineering, Vol.1, No.4, Oct. 2015, Pub. Date: Sep. 1, 2015
The Impact of Some Agricultural Management Practidces on Growth, Yield of Proboscidea parviflora
Pages: 168-177 Views: 1386 Downloads: 457
Authors
[01] Taha M. Sharief, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zalingei, Zalingei, Sudan.
[02] Mustafa M. Ali Elbala, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.
Abstract
In order to study the effect of sowing date, plant spacing and urea application on growth component and yield component and the antimicrobial activities of Proboscidea parviflora a field experiment was carried out in the split-split plot design with the three sowing dates as the main-plot i.e. (Summer), (Autumn) and (Winter) and three levels of nitrogen as sub plot (N0), (N1) and (N2), and three plant spacing sub-plot i.e. (45 cm), (60 cm) and (75 cm) apart in the ridge at the experimental farm of the University of Khartoum, at Shambat, Sudan during 2007-2008 cropping season. The results showed that seed yield was significantly affected by sowing time, planting spacing and N application. The three ways interaction was significant among seed yield was significant in both years, and highest value of yield was recorded in summer associated with 50kg urea/fed and the widest planting spacing (75cm.) in both years. The highest values of oil percentage in seed were associated with summer sowing followed by winter. Addition of N affected oil yield negatively so do plant spacing. The interaction between sowing time and N application on oil content was significant, while it’s wasn’t between the other factors studied. The two mould species were affected and controlled by the alcoholic extract of the leaves and stems of Proboscidea parviflora. Alcohol also had affected the mould by inhibiting their growth but lesser than leaves extract. The effect of stem extract was better than leaves extracts and alcohol against the two fungi.
Keywords
Edible Oil, Baskets, Martyniaceae, Snake Bite, Medicinal Plant
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