Journal of Agricultural Science and Engineering
Articles Information
Journal of Agricultural Science and Engineering, Vol.1, No.1, Apr. 2015, Pub. Date: Mar. 31, 2015
Effect of Variety and Sowing Date on Performance of Rain-fed Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) Grown at Zalingei Locality in Darfur, Sudan
Pages: 22-27 Views: 1466 Downloads: 1498
Authors
[01] Ali H. Bahar, University of Zalingei, Faculty of Agriculture, Zalingei, Sudan.
[02] Kamal I. Adam, University of Zalingei, Faculty of Agriculture, Zalingei, Sudan.
[03] Siddig A. Mohammed Ali, University of Zalingei, Faculty of Agriculture, Zalingei, Sudan.
Abstract
A field experiment was conducted at the University of Zalingei demonstration farm. (Zalingei, Central Darfur State, Sudan), during 2013/ 2014 rainy season, to investigate the effect of sowing date and variety each separately and in interaction on growth and yield of sorghum (Sorghum bicolour L. Moench) cultivars under rain fed condition .Treatments were consisted of three sowing dates (7thof July, 10thof July and 15thof July), four sorghum varieties and genotypes (Tabat, Wad-Ahmed, Abu-ragaba and Abu-Kunjara). Treatments were arranged in split plot design replicated four times with sowing dates in the main plots and varieties in the subplots. The size of the main plots and subplots were 12 ×3 and 3×3 m respectively. Numbers of germinated seeds and plant heights (cm) were read three times. At harvest number of thousand grain weights (g) and yield (kg/feddan) were determined. All collected data were statistically analyzed. Analysis of variance and test of significance were done according to standard procedure of split plot design (Gomez and Gomez 1984) using MSTAT-C program. Results of germinated seeds counts showed significant differences (p≤ 0.05) for the both three counts. Locally well known sorghum variety Wad-Ahmed and the genotype Abu-Ragaba showed the highest counts of germinated seeds (372.1, 368.3), whereas Tabat and Aba-Kunjara showed the lowest counts of germinated seeds (323.3; 321.3).Results showed no significant differences for both three readings of plant heights in different varieties. The results of the three counts of number of germinated seeds under different sowing dates revealed no significant differences between sowing dates both in first and third counts of number of germinated seeds (NGS), whereas significant differences (p≤ 0.05) were found in second count of NGS (360.0 was the highest NGS in first sowing date, followed by 351.6 NGS for the second sowing date, then 338.3 NGS for the third sowing date the lowest. Results also showed no significant differences between sowing dates both in three readings of plant heights. The effect of interaction of sowing dates and variety on growth performance and yield components of sorghum showed significant differences (p≤ 0.05). For yield results revealed that no significant differences were found through all interactions. Yield for all interactions varied from 667.1 kg/feddanto 362.5 kg/feddan.
Keywords
Sorghum, Sowing Dates, Varieties, Growth, Yield, Rain-Fed
References
[01] Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.1995.Sorghum and millet in human nutrition.
[02] Mutegi, E. (2010).Eco-geographical distribution of wild weedy and cultivated Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench in Kenya: implications for conservation and crop-to-wild gene flow. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution57 (2): 243–253.http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200026333.
[03] U.S. Grains Council. (2005).Sorghum Handbook.
[04] ICRISAT, India. December 2007.Industrial Utilization of Sorghum in India.
[05] United States Grain Council. November 2010.Sorghum.
[06] Rajulapudi, S. India beats China in sorghum production. The Hindu. Retrieved 17 March 2014. Sorghum, a crop of substance. http://resourcespace.icrisat.ac.in/filestore/1/0/3/7
[07] Agricultural Resource Marketing Centre - partially funded by U.S. Department of Agriculture Rural Development Program. General Sorghum. 2011.
[08] Daniel Z. and Maria H. (2000).Domestication of plants in the Old World, third edition (Oxford: University Press). p. 89.
[09] Salah, M; Elsafi, M. and Nafisa, E. (2004). Efficacy of Apron star 42WS on control of covered and loses head smuts in sorghum. In: Proceedings 70th Meeting of the Pests and Diseases Committee. Pp.64.
[10] USDA Crop Summary 2013.
[11] Jean, P. (2008).USDA Crop Summary.Sorghum Production www.nda.agric.za/Publicaction
[12] ICRISAT website.Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and millets.
[13] ICRISAT website: Dry land cereals: increasing productivity to help end hunger.
[14] ICRISAT website. CRP 3.6: Dry land Cereals Consortium Research Program: Food security for the forgotten poor.
[15] ICRISAT. 2004. Sorghum a crop of substance. PatancheruAndhra PradeshIndia.
[16] Monyo, E .S. 2004. Adoption of improved sorghum and pearl millet technologies in Tanzania. Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, ICRISAT.
[17] CGIAR Science Council. 2006. Spill over increases returns to sorghum genetic enhancement. Science Council Brief No. 4.
[18] Oregon State University website. OSU Extended Campus: World food crops. Week 6 Unit.
[19] Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (FAOSTAT ) Retrieved 2010-05-21.
[20] Ali H. B.; Kamal I. A.; Adam A. M.; Abdulmutalab M. K. and Siddig A. M. A.( 2013)Assessment of Botanic Features and Crop Field Potentialities of (Sorghum bicolor L. (Moench) Specific Phenotype (BARBAREI) In South Darfur State, Sudan. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science VOL. 8. NO. 8.
[21] Bandiougou D. (2012). Effect of planting date on growth, development, and yield of grain sorghum hybrids. A Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree Master of Science. Department of Agronomy College of Agriculture Kansas State University Manhattan, Kansas.
[22] Ismail A.M.A. and A.H. Ali (1996). Planting Date Effect on Growth Characters and Yield of Sorghum under a dry Farming-system in an Arabian Gulf Environment Qatar Univ. Sci. J. 16(1): 81-88
[23] Maryam A. B.; S. K. Khorasani; S. H. Shojaei; M. D. K. Mostafaviand M. Golbashy (2011). A Study on Effects of Planting Dates on Growth and Yield of 18 Corn Hybrids (Zea mays L.). American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 1(3): 110-120. www.sciencedomain.org
[24] Qasim, M.; Magsood ,Q.F. and Maraj A.(2008).Sowing dates effect on yield and yield component of different wheat varieties.J.Agric.Res.46 (2).135-140.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - 2017 American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.