Journal of Agricultural Science and Engineering
Articles Information
Journal of Agricultural Science and Engineering, Vol.1, No.1, Apr. 2015, Pub. Date: Apr. 2, 2015
Greenhouses Specifications Appropriate to the Climate of the Sudan
Pages: 34-38 Views: 1406 Downloads: 1345
Authors
[01] Salah Abdel Rahman Salih, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Elneelain University, Khartoum, Sudan.
[02] Azmi Elhag Aydrous, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Omdurman Islamic University, Omdurman, Sudan.
Abstract
Sudan weather conditions are characterized by having predominantly long and hot summers and short and mild winters. Such climatic conditions put a great strain on the types of crops that could be successfully grown under greenhouses. Cover used in greenhouses in Sudan was agreed with the standard specification, but not agreed with the standard length, width and height. Irrigation in all greenhouses in Sudan is by drip irrigation, result in salt accumulation this require leaching process, but this process does not find an interest in greenhouses. Also, in Sudan there is no interest for cleaning and sterilization which lead to increase infection by diseases, pests and insects. Cultural practices (land preparation, sowing date, variety or cultivar, soil type and its fertility, irrigation quantity and quality, fertilization dose and time of application, insecticides, pesticides and herbicides) do not apply correct in greenhouses in Sudan. Results from different locations in Sudan showed lower production compared with Europe and America. Cucumber production in greenhouses at different location gave different production and different cost of production and return. Also, different cucumber varieties gave different production in greenhouses. The main objectives of this publication are providing a compilation of greenhouse production practices and technologies presently in use in Sudan climate that have helped increase vegetables productivity and quality.
Keywords
Greenhouse, Specifications of Greenhouse, Sudan Climate
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