Journal of Agricultural Science and Engineering
Articles Information
Journal of Agricultural Science and Engineering, Vol.7, No.2, Jun. 2021, Pub. Date: Jun. 29, 2021
Effects of Decayed Leaf Litters from Selected Plant Sources (Terminalia catappa, T. mentalis and Moringa oleifera) on the Growth of Eggplant Species
Pages: 36-42 Views: 573 Downloads: 99
Authors
[01] Olasan Joseph Olalekan, Plant Science and Biotechnology Unit, Department of Botany, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Makurdi, Nigeria.
[02] Aguoru Celestine Uzoma, Plant Science and Biotechnology Unit, Department of Botany, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Makurdi, Nigeria.
[03] Dogo Mary Doosuur, Plant Science and Biotechnology Unit, Department of Botany, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Makurdi, Nigeria.
[04] Kaanjo Tersoo, Plant Science and Biotechnology Unit, Department of Botany, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Makurdi, Nigeria.
Abstract
A pot experiment was carried out to ascertain the effects of plant based organic manure (Terminalia catappa, Terminalia mentalis and Moringa oleifera) and inorganic fertilizer (NPK) on the growth performances of selected eggplant species (Solanum melongena, Solanum anguivi and Solanum macrocarpon). The experiment was arranged in a complete randomized design with two replicates. Data obtained were subjected to ANOVA and significant mean were detected using Turkey method (P<0.05). Results on species performance revealed that, Solanum macrocarpon outclass others species on application of treatments, this was evidence on Stem circumference, Number of leaves, Leaf length and width, Number of branches and Plant spread at week 5, but significantly lower for trace of disease as compare to Solanum melongena and Solanum anguivi. Solanum anguivi shown significant different for the Number of germination, percentage germination, seedling vigor and Plant spread which was higher as compare to other species. No significant difference were detected among the species for both the organic manure and fertilizer for the Stem circumference, Number of leaves, Plant spread and Trace of disease, 5 weeks after treatment. The effect of manure types on growth of eggplant influenced the Plant height (2WAMA), Plant height (5WAMA), Leaf length (5WAMA), Number of branches (5WAMA) and Plant performance (5WAMA) were significantly different as compare to inorganic fertilizer and the control. Therefore organic manure is recommended for our peasant farmers for optimum performance of eggplant as it is safe, cheap and easily accessible.
Keywords
Decay, Eggplant, Growth Performance, N.P.K and Organic Manure
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