Journal of Agricultural Science and Engineering
Articles Information
Journal of Agricultural Science and Engineering, Vol.1, No.2, Jun. 2015, Pub. Date: May 28, 2015
Contemporary Fertility Character of the Guba- Khachmaz Zone Mountain-Forest Brown Soils in the Azerbaijan Republic
Pages: 95-100 Views: 1172 Downloads: 339
Authors
[01] Sh. Z. Jafarova, Institute of Soil Science, Agrochemistry of ANAS, Baku, Azerbaijan.
Abstract
Our researches were performed in the Guba-Khachmaz zone of the Azerbaijan Republic. The favourable natural-climatically and social-economical peculiarities are characterized for this territory: proximity of the industry and transportable developed cities, such as Baku, Sumgait, Darband creates overall favourable conditions for agricultural development. The Guba-Khachmaz zone is one of the large agricultural regions in the Azerbaijan Republic. The soils from this zone are mainly used in horticulture, vegetable-growing, grain-growing, viticulture and stock-breeding.The arable soils occupy 12,2% of the total area or 26,8% from an area of the agricultural lands. These soils are mainly used under the vegetable and grain cultures.As a result of the conducted soil researches in the Guba-Khachmaz zone it was established that the types, subtypes and diversities in the mountain-forest, mountain-steppe and arid steppe zone soils extended corresponding to the vertical zonality law inside the zone. The stepped mountain-brown soils in the mountain- steppe zone possess high fertility (humus quantity 4,45- 6,18%) and are used under agricultural plants (fruit plants, grain, vegetable and so on).
Keywords
Guba-KhachmazZone, Mountain-Forest Brown Soils, Humus, Physico-Chemical Indicators
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