Journal of Environment Protection and Sustainable Development
Articles Information
Journal of Environment Protection and Sustainable Development, Vol.6, No.2, Jun. 2020, Pub. Date: Jun. 29, 2020
Faecal Sludge Management in the Residential Cores of Akure, Nigeria
Pages: 32-47 Views: 139 Downloads: 73
Authors
[01] Olukayode Olawumi Rotowa, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
[02] Pius Akinwande Ayadi, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
Abstract
Safe management of faecal sludge (FS) is momentous to the achievement of adequate and equitable sanitation for all by 2030. This seems difficult in urban slums where unplanned housing quarters with narrow roads, limited building backyards and airspaces negates the act of seal and abandon of on-site sanitation facilities when filled up with FS. Thus, this paper appraises faecal sludge management (FSM) in the core of Akure with the view to suggesting effective FSM systems that actively address the needs of the poor. Data utilised in this paper were collected from households using 400 sets of questionnaires. In addition, emptying service providers and relevant institutions were interviewed. Findings reveal that pit and septic tank were the two types of FS storage facility in the study locale. Manual emptying of FS that involved the use of a spade, shovel to scoop out FS was dominant. The bucket was prominent in the transport of FS to new pits dug close to old pits, which was the major means of FS disposal. Empirical estimates reveal that improvement in methods of emptying FS is the most important in improving FS management in this locale. This paper has shown that faecal sludge management in the study area was inadequate, unhygienic, unsystematic, unsafe, and perilous to environmental and public health. Therefore, recommends the establishment of a regulatory framework, adopt and adapt twin pit pour flush system, and improve FSM using mobile transfer stations.
Keywords
Faecal Sludge, Faecal Sludge Management, Onsite Sanitation Technologies, City Cores, Nigeria
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