Journal of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering
Articles Information
Journal of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering, Vol.1, No.3, Oct. 2015, Pub. Date: Aug. 27, 2015
Adsorption of Dyes from Simulated Textile Wastewater onto Modified Nanozeolite from Coal Fly Ash
Pages: 148-161 Views: 1323 Downloads: 1082
Authors
[01] Patricia Cunico, Chemical and Environmental Center, Nuclear and Energy Research Institute, São Paulo, Brazil.
[02] Anu Kumar, Land and Water, Commonwealth Scientific Industrial Research Organization, Glen Osmond, S. A. Australia.
[03] Denise A. Fungaro, Chemical and Environmental Center, Nuclear and Energy Research Institute, São Paulo, Brazil.
Abstract
Nanozeolite synthesized from fly ash and modified with hexadecyltrimethylamonium (HDTMA) was used as adsorbent to remove dyes - Solophenyl Navy (SN) and Solophenyl Turquoise (ST) and their hydrolysed forms Solophenyl Navy Hydrolysed (SNH) and Solophenyl Turquoise Hydrolysed (STH), respectively from simulated textile wastewater. The HDTMA-modified nano-zeolite (ZMF) was characterized by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The ZMF presented negative charge probably due to the formation of a partial bilayer of HDTMA on exchangeable active sites on the external surface of unmodified nanozeolite. Initial dye concentration, contact time and equilibrium adsorption were evaluated. Two kinetic models including pseudo first and second order equations were analysed to understand the adsorption process. It was found that the adsorption kinetics of SN and ST; and their hydrolysed forms followed a pseudo second-order model. Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin models were applied to describe the adsorption isotherms. Adsorption of the dyes was best described by the Langmuir model. Acute toxicity of the leached of ZMF to a waterflea, Ceriodaphnia dubia was determined, and the results showed an EC50value of 35%. In order to identify what substances were causing the observed toxicity for the leached of ZMF, Toxicity Identification Evaluation tests (TIE) were realized and showed that the baseline acute effects were significantly reduced after manipulation with Solid-Phase Extraction (SPE) and Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). The data from the present study suggest that ZMF could be used as an adsorbent in the removal of Solophenyl dyes from wastewater.
Keywords
Coal Fly Ash, Surfactant-Modified Nanozeolite, Phthalocyanine, Direct Dye, Ceriodaphnia dubia, Copper-Complex
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