Journal of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering
Articles Information
Journal of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering, Vol.2, No.1, Feb. 2016, Pub. Date: Jan. 12, 2016
Influence of Nano Materials Addition as Partial Replacement of Cement in the Properties of Concrete Pavement
Pages: 1-5 Views: 709 Downloads: 775
[01] Saad Issa Sarsam, Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.
The reduction of environmental impact of production and usage of cement is achieved through the reduction of clinker content in concrete by partial replacement of cement with Nano additives. In this investigation, the partial replacement of cement with coal fly ash class F, limestone dust and iron fillings was examined. The effects of such Nano fillers on early-age properties of concrete were measured and compared. Typical combined gradation of aggregates with maximum size of 19 mm which is usually used for of concrete for rigid pavement construction was implemented, the ordinary Portland cement content was 300 kg/m3 and the water / cement ratio was 0.45. Three types of Nano materials (limestone dust, coal fly ash and iron filling) with 75 micron of maximum size have been implemented. Beam specimens of (280 x 70 x 70) mm size were prepared in the laboratory, cured for seven days, and then tested for water absorption and flexural strength. Such properties are considered essential for rigid pavement quality. It was concluded that the addition of coal fly ash or limestone dust in the range of (2-6)% as partial replacement of cement exhibit significant reduction in flexural strength as compared to reference mix as the additive content increases, while the iron fillings shows improvement in the flexural strength. On the other hand, the addition of fly ash, limestone dust, or iron filling shows significant reduction in the water absorption properties of concrete.
Absorption, Nano Materials, Concrete, Fly Ash, Limestone Dust, Iron Fillings, Flexural Strength
[01] Arivalagan K., Ravichandran S., Rangasamy K. and Karthikeyan E. (2011) “Nano materials and its Potential Applications” International Journal of Chem. Tech Research CODEN (USA): IJCRGG Vol. 3, No.2, pp. 534-538, April-June.
[02] Jayapalan A. R. (2013) “Properties of cement-based materials in the presence of Nano and micro particle additives” PhD. Dissertation, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA.
[03] Ghasemi R. A., Parhizkar, T. and Ramezanianpour A. A. (2010) “Influence of Colloidal Nano-SiO2 Addition as Silica Fume Replacement Material in Properties of Concrete” second international conference on sustainable construction materials and technologies, June 28-30, Ancona, Italy.
[04] Sahmaran, M., Christianto, H.A., and Yaman, I.O., (2006). “The effect of chemical admixtures and mineral additives on the properties of self-compacting mortars” Cement & Concrete Composites, 28(5): pp. 432-440.
[05] Raki L., Beaudoin J., Alizadeh R., Makar J. and Sato T. (2010) “Cement and Concrete Nano science and Nano technology” Materials 2010, 3, 918-942.
[06] Sarsam S. I. (2013) “Improving Asphalt Cement Properties by Digestion with Nano Materials” Research and Application of Material RAM. Sciknow Publications Ltd. USA, 1(6): 61-64.
[07] Sarsam S. I. (2015) “Impact of Nano Materials on Rheological and Physical Properties of Asphalt Cement” American institute of science, International Journal of Advanced Materials Research, public science framework, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 8-14.
[08] Sarsam S. I. and Husain A. (2015) “Impact of Nano Materials on the Durability of Asphalt Stabilized Soil” American institute of science, Journal of Nano science and Nano engineering Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 23-37.
[09] Arulraj. P. G. and Carmichael J. M. (2011) “Effect of Nano Fly ash on Strength of Concrete” International journal of civil and structural engineering, Volume 2, No 2. pp. 475-482.
[10] Birgisson B., Mukhopadhyay A. Geary G. Khan M. Sobolev K. (2012) “Nanotechnology in Concrete Materials, a Synopsis” Transportation research circular Number E-C170 December, Transportation research board, Task Force on Nanotechnology-Based Concrete Materials.
[11] Diamantonis N., Marinos I., Katsiotis M., Sakellariou A., Papathanasiou A., Kaloidas V., Katsioti M. (2010), “Investigations about the influence of fine additives on the viscosity of cement paste for self-compacting concrete” Construction and Building Materials 24 (2010) pp. 1518–1522.
[12] Hussain S. T. and Sastry G. K. (2014) “Study of strength properties of concrete by using micro silica and Nano silica” IJRET: International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, Volume: 03 Issue: 10 | Oct. pp.103-108.
[13] Rathi V. R. and Modhera C. D. (2014) “An overview on the Influence of Nano Materials on Properties of Concrete” International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology Vol. 3, Issue 2, February pp. 9100-9105.
[14] ASTM C-109 (2002) “Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of hydraulic cement mortars using 50mm cube specimens” Annual Book of ASTM Standards American Society for Testing and Materials, vol. 04.02.
[15] ISS No. 5 (1984). “The Portland cement” Iraqi standard specifications organization.
[16] SCRB, (2003) “Standard Specification for Roads and Bridges” Section R/9, Revised Edition. State Commotion of Roads and Bridges, Ministry of Housing and Construction, Republic of Iraq.
[17] ASTM C-293 (2002) “Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Concrete (Using Simple Beam with Centre-Point Loading”, Annual Book of ASTM Standards American Society for Testing and Materials, vol. 04.02.
[18] Li Gengying (2004) “Properties of high-volume fly ash concrete incorporating nano-SiO2” Cement and Concrete Research 34 (2004) 1043–1049.
[19] ASTM C-642, (1997), “Standard Test Method for Density, Absorption, and Voids in Hardened Concrete”, Annual Book of ASTM Standards American Society for Testing and Materials, vol. 04.02.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - 2017 American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.