Public Health and Preventive Medicine
Articles Information
Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Vol.7, No.3, Sep. 2021, Pub. Date: Oct. 15, 2021
The Prevalence of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Knowledge and Awareness Among Medical Students
Pages: 47-60 Views: 860 Downloads: 173
Authors
[01] Audrey Lee Sue Ann, Faculty of Medicine, Manipal University College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[02] Thurkaishalini Raman, Faculty of Medicine, Manipal University College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[03] Sharimini Muniandi, Faculty of Medicine, Manipal University College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[04] Tirunavukarasu Rajaretnam, Faculty of Medicine, Manipal University College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
Abstract
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder which affects the adolescent girls. In PCOS, woman’s hormones are out of balance. If it’s not treated over time it can lead to serious health conditions, such as diabetes and heart disease. Early diagnosis is necessary for advanced interventions to minimize the immediate and chronic consequences. This study is to assess the knowledge and awareness of PCOS among medical students in Manipal University College Malaysia (MUCM). A cross-sectional study was conducted on undergraduate medical students of Manipal University College Malaysia (MUCM). The sampling method used was purposive sampling. A validated questionnaire was taken from previous studies and was distributed to the sample via electronic survey form. The students were asked to respond to the questionnaire in terms of yes/no/I don’t know format depending on the personal extent. The analysis included frequency, percentages, mean, standard deviation, 95% CI and p value with the level of significance of 5%. Unpaired T-test, Chi square test and ANOVA test were used in data analysis. The electronic questionnaire consisting of 43 questions was given out to the medical students of Manipal University College Malaysia (MUCM) and a total of 140 responses were received. A total of 140 responses were received with a mean age of 21.4. Finding revealed that 87.1% of participants have heard of PCOS and 63.5% have high level of awareness about this syndrome. However, only 17.1% participants have good knowledge regarding PCOS. The study found association between age, gender and education with both awareness and knowledge of PCOS. Participant age 22 and above, female and those in clinical phase of education are found to have higher level or awareness and knowledge regarding PCOS. The present study is only an initial step to evaluate the knowledge and awareness of PCOS among the medical students. Future research may enlarge on this topic in several directions such as more in-depth studies are needed to determine the relations between this syndrome and other factors for treatment services and management for individuals with PCOS which benefit both the future doctors and the patient.
Keywords
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), Knowledge, Awareness, Medical Student, Cross-sectional Study, Malaysia
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