American Journal of Food Science and Health
Articles Information
American Journal of Food Science and Health, Vol.2, No.4, Aug. 2016, Pub. Date: Jul. 15, 2016
Composition and Anti-Nutritional Factors (Phyto-Nutrients) Present in both Red and Yellow Varieties of Sun-Dried Cashew Pulp
Pages: 45-48 Views: 730 Downloads: 499
Authors
[01] U. Okpanachi, Department of Animal Production, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria.
[02] J. A. Ayoade, College of Animal Science, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria.
[03] C. D. Tuleun, College of Animal Science, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria.
Abstract
Pulps of both red and yellow cashew were picked from cashew plantations within and around Anyigba in Dekina Local Government Area of Kogi State. The collected pulps were washed, sliced and sun-dried. It was then milled and samples of the two varieties (red and yellow) were taken to the laboratory for both proximate composition and anti-nutritional factors analysis. Proximate composition of all the components for both varieties were not significantly affected (p > 0.05) by variety. Numerically however, red cashew pulp had the highest dry matter, crude protein and crude fibre while the yellow variety had the highest ether extract, ash and carbohydrate values. Tannin, saponin, phytate, oxalate and flavonoids were analysed as anti-nutrients. None of the phytonutrients showed significant difference (p > 0.05) and all the phytonutrients present in both varieties are far lower than those present in some similar feed stuff reported by some authors. The red cashew pulp had the highest values for Tannin, phytate and oxalate while the yellow variety recorded the highest values for saponin and flavonoids. It was concluded that phytonutrients present in the pulps of both cashew varieties are in very low amounts. It was recommended that since both varieties of cashew are rich in one component or the other, crop scientists should work towards increasing their production.
Keywords
Red Cashew Pulp, Yellow Cashew Pulp, Protein, Tannin, Phyto-Nutrients
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