American Journal of Food Science and Health
Articles Information
American Journal of Food Science and Health, Vol.2, No.5, Oct. 2016, Pub. Date: Sep. 23, 2016
Determination of Corn Consumption Water at Lysimeter Method and Comparing with Pan Evaporation Method in Blochestan Area
Pages: 129-133 Views: 731 Downloads: 390
Authors
[01] Alireza Saberi, Agricultural & Natural Resources Research and Education Center of Golestan Province, Gorgan, Iran.
[02] Alireza Monem Zadeh, Agricultural & Natural Resources Research and Education Center of Balochestan, Iranshahr, Iran.
Abstract
Irrigation is an increasingly important practice for sustainable agriculture in the Midlist region, as well as in other semi-arid environments of southern Iran. Evapotranspiration (ET) of corn hybrids were measured and compared in 2003 and 2004 under lysimeters at Iranshahr Research Station in the Blochestan of Iran, and studied differences in growth, yield and water use efficiency (WUE). In both years, corn was planted in July and harvested in October in two different fields of 1000m2 each, containing drainage lysimeters to directly measure ET. Irrigation differentiation was made upon crop evapotranspiration measured on the lysimeters, water was then applied at 100 and 60% of ET. Full irrigation treatment (I-100) was managed for high productivity, whereas deficit irrigation treatment (I-60) was maintained at 60% of field capacity. Water stress was applied continuously during the growing cycle. The analysis revealed that SC 704 hybrid is suitable variety for southern of Iran, because WUE of this hybrid %4.4 higher than SC604, While water using of this variety is %2.03 more than SC604. Meanwhile yield and yield components (1000 w, number of row per ear) and plant height are %6.73, %8.39, %11.11 and %5.11 higher than SC604 respectively. On the other hand cob percentage of SC604 as a negative parameters is %10 more than SC 704. In the meantime seed depth of SC604 is other recorded parameter which %5.88 more than SC 704.
Keywords
Corn (Zea Maize ), Consumption Water, Lysimeter, Pan Evaporation, Hybrid
References
[01] Aboukhaled, A., Sarraf, S., 1970. A comparison of water use for a hybrid corn in the Bekaa and the coastal plain. Magon 12, 1–14.
[02] Aslam, M., Haji, Kh., Ahmad, H., Muhammad, A., Ejaz, A. and Muhammad A. 2008. Effect of available soil moisture depletion levels and topping treatments on growth rate total dry biomass in chickpea. Journal of Agricultural Research, 46 (3), 229-243.
[03] Begg, J. E., Turner, N. C., 1976. Crop water deficits. Adv. Agron. 28, 161–217.
[04] Bennett, J. M., Hammond, L. C., 1983. Grain yields of several corn hybrids in response to water stress imposed during vegetative growth stages. Soil Crop Sci. Soc. Fla. Proc. 42, 107–111.
[05] Bray, R. H. and Kurtz, L. T. 1945. Determination of total, organic and available form of phosphorus in soils. Soil Science, 59, 39–45.
[06] Hamdy, A., Lacirignola, D., 1999. Mediterranean Water Resources: Major Challenges Toward 21st Century. CIHEAM-IAM Bari, Italy, p. 570.
[07] Katerji N., G. Rana, 2008, Crop evapotranspiration measurement and estimation in the Mediterranean region, ISBN 978 8 89015 241 2.
[08] Kjeldahl, J. 1883. A new method for the determination of nitrogen in organic matter. Z. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 22 (1), 366-382. doi: 10.1007/BF01338151.
[09] Musick, J. T., Pringle, F. B., Harman, W. L., Stewart, B. A., 1990. Long-term irrigation trends: Texas high plains. Appl. Eng. Agric. 6, 717–724.
[10] Otegui, M. E., Andrade, F. H., Suero, E. E., 1995. Growth, water use, and kernel abortion of maize subjected to drought at silking. Field Crops Res. 40, 87–94.
[11] Qureshi, A. S., Qadir, M., Heydari, N., Turral, H. and Javadi, A. 2007. A review of management strategies for salt-prone land and water resources in Iran. International water management Institute. 30P (IWMI working paper 125) Colombo, Sri Lanka.
[12] Rhoades, F. M., Bennett, J. M., 1990. Corn. In: Stewart, B. A., Nielsen, D. R. (Eds.), Irrigation of Agricultural Crops. Agron. Monogr. 30. ASA, CSSA and SSSA, Madison, WI, pp. 569–596.
[13] Sarraf, S., Vink, N., Aboukhaled, A., 1969. Evaporation, évapotranspiration potential au Libyan ET coefficient dépêche carriage. Magon 32, 1–29.
[14] SAS Institute. 2004. SAS/STAT user's guide. release. Release 9.0. 4th ed. Statistical Analysis Institute, Cary, NC”.
[15] Shideed K., T. Oweis, M. Gabr., M. Osman, 1995, Assessing on-farm water use efficiency: a new approach, ICARDA/ESCWA, Ed. Aleppo, Syria, 86 pp.
[16] Stone, L. R., Schelgel, A. J., Gwin, R. E., Khan, A. H., 1996. Response of corn, grain sorghum, and sunflower to irrigation in the High Plains of Kansas. Agric. Water Manage. 30, 251–259.
[17] Thomas, G. W. 1982. Exchangeable Cations in Methods of Soil Analysis Part II. A. L. Page, (ed.) American Society of Agronomy and Soil Science Society. Madison, Wi. U.S.A, pp. 159-165.
[18] Vink, N., Aboukhaled, A., Sarraf, S., 1969. Evapotranspiration and yield of corn in the central Bekaa of Lebanon with reference to the effect of advection. Magon 29, 1–29.
[19] Walkley, A. and Black, I. A. 1934. An examination of Degtjaref method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science, 37, 29–38.
[20] Yazar, A., Howell, T. A., Dusek, D. A., Copeland, K. S., 1999. Evaluation of crop water stress index for LEPA irrigated corn. Irrig. Sci. 18, 171–180.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - 2017 American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.