American Journal of Food Science and Health
Articles Information
American Journal of Food Science and Health, Vol.2, No.4, Aug. 2016, Pub. Date: Jul. 27, 2016
Pharmacological Investigations of Boerhaavia diffusa Linn. (Family: Nyctaginaceae)
Pages: 88-93 Views: 660 Downloads: 172
Authors
[01] Mallik Mahbuba Biva, Laboratory of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Department of Pharmacy, Stamford University Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[02] Sadia Afreen Chowdhury, Laboratory of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Department of Pharmacy, Stamford University Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[03] Most. Nazma Parvin, Laboratory of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Department of Pharmacy, Stamford University Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Abstract
Boerhaavia diffusa belonging to the family of the Nyctaginaceae is one of the renowned medicinal plants used to treat large number of human ailments. The present study deals with the investigations of phytochemical analysis and evaluation of the cytotoxocity, anthelmintic and analgesic activities of methanol extract of the plant. The results of preliminary phytochemical screenings revealed that the extract contains alkaloids, steroids, flavonoids, tannins, gums, carbohydrates and glycosides etc. The cytotoxic activity of plant extract on brine shrimp napulii increase in mortality with increased concentration which suggests the presence of possible antitumor, antibacterial and pesticidal agents. The anthelmintic activity was performed by observing the time of paralysis and the time of death of earthworms Pheretima posthuma compared with the standard drug, albendazole which confirmed the presence of significant anthelmintic activity of B. diffusa. The analgesic potential of the extract was evaluated using acetic acid induced writhing response, tail immersion and hot plate test to understand the central analgesic activity in mice (Swiss albino mice) at 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg doses. The results of these tests showed potential analgesic activity of the extract which is comparable to the standard drug, diclofenac Na. Thus, the obtained results provide a support for the use of this plant for medicinal purposes.
Keywords
Boerhaavia diffusa, Albendazole, Diclofenac Na, Cytotoxic Activity, Anthelmintic Activity, Analgesic Activity
References
[01] Ghani A. (2005). Practical Phytochemistry, Parash Publishers, pp. 149-152.
[02] Banjare L. Prasad A. K., Naik M. L. (2012). Boerhaavia diffusa from traditional use to scientific assessment-a review. International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biological Archives. 3 (6): 1346-1354.
[03] Ghani A. (2005). Text Book of Pharmacognosy, Part One. New edition. Institute of Medical Technology, Dhaka. p. 214.
[04] Asma A. M., Sadia A. C. (2015) Cytotoxic, Anthelmintic and Analgesic Activities of the Methanol Extract of Ricinus communis (Family: Euphorbiaceae). R&R: J.Tox.5 (1): 27-35.
[05] Ghani A. (1998). Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh with Chemical Constituents and Uses. Second edition. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka. pp. 4-19.
[06] Mayer B. N., Ferrigni N. R., Putnam J. E., Jacobsen L. B., Nichols D. E., Mclaughlin J. L. (1982). Brine shrimp: A convenient bioassay for active plant constituents. Planta Medica. 45: 31-34.
[07] Israt S., Sadia A. C. (2016) Anthelmintic, Neuropharmacological and Analgesic Activities of Extracts from the Aerial Part of Eclipta alba L. Research and Reviews: Journal of Herbal Science.5 (1): 1-5.
[08] Tripathi K. D. (1999). Essentials of Medical Pharmacology. Fourth edition. Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd., New Delhi, India, ISBN: 81-7179-633-8. p. 432.
[09] Rang H. P., Dale M. M. (1993). Pharmacology, Second edition, Churchill Livingstone publisher, UK. pp. 706-711.
[10] Hasan S. M. R., Hossain M. M., Akter R., Jamila M., Mazumder M. E. H., Rahman, S. (2009). Sedative and anxiolytic effects of different fractions of the Commelina benghalensis Linn. Drug. Discov. Ther. pp. 3: 221-227.
[11] Mehedi S., Sadia A. C., Mohammad Z. I., Bidyut K. D. (2015) Analgesic and Neuropharmacological Activities of Methanol Extract From the Leaf Nicotiana pulmbaginifolia Viv. Bangladesh Pharmaceutical Journal. 18(2): 85-89.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - 2017 American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.