American Journal of Food Science and Health
Articles Information
American Journal of Food Science and Health, Vol.2, No.4, Aug. 2016, Pub. Date: Jul. 15, 2016
Antioxidant Activity, Total Phenol Content, and Bioactive Components of Lindur Leave (Bruguierra gymnorrhiza)
Pages: 65-70 Views: 789 Downloads: 503
Authors
[01] Nurjanah Nurjanah, Department of Aquatic Product Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science Bogor, Agricultural University Agatis Street Darmaga Bogor, West Java, Indonesia.
[02] Agoes M. Jacoeb, Department of Aquatic Product Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science Bogor, Agricultural University Agatis Street Darmaga Bogor, West Java, Indonesia.
[03] Taufik Hidayat, Department of Aquatic Product Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science Bogor, Agricultural University Agatis Street Darmaga Bogor, West Java, Indonesia.
[04] Siti Hazar, Department of Aquatic Product Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science Bogor, Agricultural University Agatis Street Darmaga Bogor, West Java, Indonesia.
[05] Roni Nugraha, Department of Aquatic Product Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science Bogor, Agricultural University Agatis Street Darmaga Bogor, West Java, Indonesia.
Abstract
Lindur are mangrove plants that has been widely used as drug, yet informations on potential drug compounds and antioxidants contained in lindur were still limited. This study were determined to determine the chemical composition, bioactive components, antioxidant activity, and total phenol contained in lindur. The result showed that lindur fresh leaves had a moisture content, ash, fat, protein, and crude fiber of 54.91%, 4.49%, 1.87%, 4.45%, and 8.67%; respectively. Lindur dried leaves had water, ash, fat, protein, and crude fiber content of 9.79%, 8.19%, 3.90%, 9.78%; and 18.05%, respectively. The methanol extract had the highest yield (15,79%) compared to the ethyl acetate extract (2.85%), and n-hexane (1.53%). Phytochemical analysis showed the bioactive components of n-hexane extract (phenol steroids and hydroquinone); ethyl acetate extract (steroids, hydroquinone phenols, flavonoids, saponins) and methanol extract (steroids, hydroquinone phenols, flavonoids, tannins, saponins). Methanol extract showed the highest antioxidant activity with IC50 values of 81.11 ppm, while the n-hexane extract showed the lowest activity with IC50 values of 815.67 ppm. Total phenolic extracts of n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and methanol, were 12.41, 97.57, and 30.07 mg GAE/ g extract, respectively.
Keywords
Antioxidant, Bioactive, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Leave, Phenol
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