American Journal of Food Science and Health
Articles Information
American Journal of Food Science and Health, Vol.2, No.5, Oct. 2016, Pub. Date: Aug. 16, 2016
Risk Factors Associated with Gastroenteritis in Children 2-5 Years of Age Attending Rehman Medical Institute Peshawar
Pages: 94-101 Views: 844 Downloads: 670
Authors
[01] Ayesha Mushtaq, Department of Human Nutrition, the University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan.
[02] Saleem Khan, Department of Human Nutrition, the University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan.
[03] Falak Zeb, Department of Human Nutrition, the University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan.
[04] Qurratul Ain, Department of Human Nutrition, the University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan.
[05] Ayesha Syed, Department of Human Nutrition, the University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan.
[06] Fozia Khattak, Gynecology Department, Government Maternity Hospital Hashtnaghri, Peshawar, Pakistan.
[07] Hidayatullah , Department of Human Nutrition, the University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan.
Abstract
A case control study was conducted to determine the risk factors associated with gastroenteritis in children 2-5 years of age at Rehman Medical Institute Hayatabad, Peshawar during Oct, 2014 to Feb, 2015. A total of 200 children mothers (100 cases and 100 controls) were interviewed regarding socio-demographic variables, anthropometric measurements, mother’s knowledge and approach during disease, hygiene and sanitation status. Data was analyzed by SPSS and standard chi-square test was applied on categorical data to establish an association between the variables at 5% level of significance; t-test was used for quantitative data analysis of mean comparison. The results showed that 44% of children with gastroenteritis had low socioeconomic status, 25% children had family income <12000 rupees. Nutritional status of children showed that 10% controls and 27% cases were severely malnourished. Wasting was recorded 3% in controls and 10% in cases. The percentage of underweight was 27% and 35% in controls and cases respectively. Stunting was found lower in controls (26%) and higher in cases (46%). Significant difference was found in height for age, mid upper arm circumference and weight for height z-score. Odds ratio (OR) for the association of gastroenteritis with joint family structure was 3.11 (95% CI 1.736-5.594), weight for height z-score was 3.593 (95% CI: 958-0.863), weight for age z-score was 1.456 (95% CI: 0.796-2.661), age of complementary feeding <6 months was 2.405 (95% CI: 1.233-4.689), child eating picked stuff 3.977 (95% CI: 2.180-7.256), child admitted in hospital 1.860 (95% CI: 1.008-3.432), child who does not washed hand before meal was 0.288 (95% CI: 0.164-0.677) and child who does not washed hand after attending washing were 0.288 (95% CI: 0.161-0.517). It was concluded that low socioeconomic status, parental education, malnutrition, poor hygiene and inappropriate complementary feeding are associated with gastroenteritis.
Keywords
Gastroenteritis, Anthropometry, Stunting, Poor Hygiene
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