American Journal of Food Science and Health
Articles Information
American Journal of Food Science and Health, Vol.2, No.6, Dec. 2016, Pub. Date: Jan. 9, 2017
Effect of Heat-Killed Lactobacillus johnsonii No. 1088 on Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease-Related Symptoms: A Pilot Clinical Study
Pages: 176-185 Views: 1185 Downloads: 257
Authors
[01] Yasuhiko Komatsu, Snowden Co., Ltd., Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
[02] Tomoya Sasaki, Snowden Co., Ltd., Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
[03] Masami Ohishi, Snowden Co., Ltd., Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
Abstract
To evaluate the efficacy of orally administered heat-killed Lactobacillus johnsonii No. 1088 (HK-LJ88) on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)-related symptoms and its safety aspects, we conducted a single-blind clinical study comprising 2 dose groups (about 109 and 1010 cells/day). Thirty healthy volunteers including subjects feeling slight stomach uneasiness (22 males and 8 females), aged 24-67, not receiving medical treatment for gastric diseases and not taking drugs for gastrointestinal care, were randomly allocated 1:1 to low- or high-dose group, and instructed to ingest HK-LJ88 for 6 weeks. GERD-related symptoms were evaluated by use of the “frequency scale for the symptoms of GERD” (FSSG) and found to be significantly improved after 6 weeks in both groups. Although no significant decrease in serum gastrin concentration was observed in either group as a whole, the gastrin concentration of 7 subjects who had answered that his/her stomach condition had been improved without worsening, significantly decreased after 6 weeks. Regarding safety aspects, blood biochemical, blood cellular, and urinary tests did not show any worsening signs. Fourteen subjects experienced mild and temporal unwellness, but recovered soon. One subject in the low-dose group felt discomfort in the stomach and esophagus and voluntarily discontinued the study. This subject, however, declared afterward the tendency to feel uneasy after ingesting fermented dairy foods, which uneasiness might have reflected food allergy to lactic acid bacteria. Taken together these results suggest that ingestion of HK-LJ88 was effective to improve GERD-related symptoms of healthy volunteers, and was well tolerated up to 1010 cells/day.
Keywords
Lactic Acid Bacteria, Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), Gastrin, Frequency Scale for the Symptoms of GERD (FSSG), Lactobacillus johnsonii No. 1088
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