American Journal of Food Science and Health
Articles Information
American Journal of Food Science and Health, Vol.3, No.1, Feb. 2017, Pub. Date: Jun. 14, 2017
Hypertension among Dubai Population, Prevalence and Patterns, Reflected in Dubai Household Health Survey 2014
Pages: 14-17 Views: 146 Downloads: 124
Authors
[01] Manal Omran Taryam, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[02] Waleed Al Faisal, Health Affairs Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[03] Hamid Hussein, Health Affairs Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[04] Eldaw Suliman, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[05] Tariq Al Janahi T., Dubai Statistics Center, Dubai, UAE.
[06] Ali Al Salaq, Dubai Statistics Center, Dubai, UAE.
[07] Ahmed Wasfy, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
Abstract
High Blood pressure affects more than a quarter of the global adult population. It is projected in year 2025 to increase by 24% in developed countries and 80% in developing countries. The increase is expected to be much higher than these projections. National surveys of prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control provide basis for assessing the burden of hypertension in the community. This study aims to determine prevalence of high blood pressure among different population segments of Dubai population and the patterns of distributions. Dubai Household Health Survey was conducted in 2014 as a Cross-sectional, multistage, stratified, Cluster survey. Houses were visited to obtain detailed information on the different health-related issues. High Blood pressure affects more than a quarter of the global adult population. It is projected in year 2025 to increase by 24% in developed countries and 80% in developing countries. The increase is expected to be much higher than these projections. National surveys of prevalence, awareness, treatment, Data were entered to the computer using Excel sheet and analyzed using SPSS 21. The study showed that about 2.5% of males, 2.8 of female, and 2.5% of the total in the age group 18-59 years are diagnosed as hypertensive. When combined with elderly, 3.2% of males, 5.1% of females and 3.5% of the total are diagnosed as hypertensive. When it comes to nationality, the study showed that about 18.9% of total Emirati have diagnosed as hypertensive, 20.0% of males and 18.0% of females. Almost one quarter of Dubai Emirati population have been diagnosed as having high blood pressure. One in each four individuals are hypertensive. This greatly puts them at risk of developing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality at long term. National screening, national registry, awareness, population-based interventions, policies and legislations are needed to be addressed as top priority.
Keywords
Hypertension, Prevalence and Patterns, Dubai Population
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