American Journal of Food Science and Health
Articles Information
American Journal of Food Science and Health, Vol.3, No.5, Oct. 2017, Pub. Date: Oct. 23, 2017
Prevalence and Epidemiological Profile of Diabetes Mellitus Among Adult Dubai Population, Reflections from Dubai Household Health Survey
Pages: 102-105 Views: 43 Downloads: 23
Authors
[01] Manal Mohammed Omran, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[02] Waleed Al Faisal, Health Affairs Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[03] Hamid Y. Hussein, Health Affairs Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[04] Ahmed Wasfy, Public Health and Safety Department, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[05] Mohamed Farghali, Health Affairs Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[06] Tareq Al Janahi, Dubai Statistics Center, Dubai, UAE.
[07] Ali AlSalaq, Dubai Statistics Center, Dubai, UAE.
Abstract
Background: Globally, the burden of diabetes mellitus is overwhelming. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it is estimated that the total number of people with diabetes has risen from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014. The global prevalence of diabetes among adults over 18 years of age has risen from 4.7% in 1980 to 8.5% in 2014. WHO projects that diabetes will be the 7th leading cause of death in 2030. The accompanying shift in lifestyle to more sedentary activity with higher-fat diets and resultant obesity apparently underlies much of the increased prevalence of diabetes mellitus. Objectives: To study the prevalence and some epidemiological characteristic of diabetes mellitus among adult Dubai population. Methodology: Dubai Household Health Survey was conducted in 2014 as a Cross-sectional multistage stratified Cluster survey. Houses were visited to obtain detailed information on the different health-related issues. According to Dubai Statistical Center, the total population of Dubai at the end of 2014 was 2327350 (males 1613175, females 714175) (UAE 212000, Expatriates 2115350). Individuals aged ≥18 years were investigated for the history of Diabetes Mellitus. Related questions of the questionnaire were asked to 3716 persons. Data were entered to the computer using excel sheet and analyzed using SPSS 21. Results: The survey revealed that about 3.4% of the adult population have been diagnosed as diabetic (3.3% of males and 4.1% of females). The survey showed also that 16.3% of Emirati adult population have been diagnosed as diabetic (19.6% of males and 13.7% of females). Regarding age distribution, the survey showed that 2.6% of males and 2.6% of females in the age group 18-59 have been diagnosed as diabetic (not including pregnancy diabetes). Conclusion: The study outcome reflected that Diabetes is still one of the highest NCD rates worldwide, regional wise and national wise and almost reaching potentially epidemic proportions and its potential complications are enormous. It poses significant healthcare burdens on both families and society. Effective National comprehensive strategy at prevention, promotion and intervention level is still top priority and highly recommended.
Keywords
Diabetes Mellitus, Prevalence, Household Survey, Dubai Population
References
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