American Journal of Food Science and Health
Articles Information
American Journal of Food Science and Health, Vol.3, No.2, Apr. 2017, Pub. Date: Jun. 14, 2017
Population Based Measurements of Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure Among Adult Cohort, Extent and Determinants Mapping in Dubai, UAE
Pages: 18-22 Views: 183 Downloads: 83
Authors
[01] Manal Omran Taryam, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[02] Waleed Al Faisal, Health Affairs Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[03] Hamid Hussein, Health Affairs Department, Primary Health Care Services Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[04] Eldaw Suliman, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
[05] Tariq Al Janahi T., Dubai Statistics Center, Dubai, UAE.
[06] Ali Al Salaq, Dubai Statistics Center, Dubai, UAE.
[07] Ahmed Wasfy, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.
Abstract
Hypertension remain the most common single risk factor that lead to adult morbidities and mortalities Raising of Systolic and diastolic should be recognized as a unique and most common risk factor for both cardiovascular and overall disease burden and mortality worldwide, It has been proven that medical treatment of hypertension mitigates this risk in routine Medical practice. Management of hypertension is also among the most common reasons for ambulatory visits to physicians’ clinics among adults cohorts national, regional and worldwide. Nevertheless, optimal medical management of hypertension kept unclear due to many key aspects. To study the distribution of blood pressure values among Dubai population (systolic and diastolic) in three consecutive measurements with 10 minutes interval according to some epidemiological features and determinants. Dubai Household Health Survey was conducted in 2014 as a Cross-sectional, multistage, stratified, Cluster survey. Houses were visited to obtain detailed information on the different health-related issues. Well-trained personnel with short measurement interval measured a sample of 3716 persons aged ≥18 years for systolic and Diastolic blood pressure three times. The study showed that almost 49.9% of adult population (about Half of adult population) in Dubai is at risk of systolic hypertension (pre-hypertensive systolic hypertension), 14.9% of adults showed stage one of systolic hypertension, and 3.3% of adult population showed stage 2 systolic hypertension in the first time checking. As for the diastolic blood pressure among adults in Dubai, the study revealed that 42.7% were at risk of hypertension (Prehypertension stage), 16.4% are in stage one hypertension and 4.6% are in stage two hypertension. Regarding second and third measurements after a waiting interval, both systolic and diastolic blood pressure showed almost similar figures with little non-significant differences. Hypertension is still major public health concern among adults in Dubai. Almost half of population are at borderline prehypertension stage, which necessitate wide base population screening program, hypertension correlated with nationality, age, gender in remarkable profile. Wide Population based screening program is going to have significant yield if applied effectively. Population and individual plan approach is extremely public health priority.
Keywords
Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Population Based, Dubai
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