American Journal of Food Science and Health
Articles Information
American Journal of Food Science and Health, Vol.3, No.4, Aug. 2017, Pub. Date: Jul. 27, 2017
A Crucial Focus on Special Nutrition Needs During Old Age Adults
Pages: 58-63 Views: 128 Downloads: 77
Authors
[01] Muhammad Ahmad Khan, Allied Hospital- Punjab Medical College, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
[02] Muhammad Haroon Sarwar, Allied Hospital- Punjab Medical College, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
[03] Muhammad Jahanzeb, Allied Hospital- Punjab Medical College, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
[04] Tayyaba Raees, Allied Hospital- Punjab Medical College, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
[05] Hafiz Abu Bakar, Allied Hospital- Punjab Medical College, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
[06] Azhar Waqas Zareef, Allied Hospital- Punjab Medical College, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
[07] Muhammad Sarwar, National Institute for Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering (NIBGE), Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Abstract
This article deals with nutritional needs and dietary requirements of older adults, which are quite different to that of young and middle-aged persons, and require a different approach. In extreme cases elderly individuals could become malnourished, resulting in the prevention of recovery from illness and an increased likelihood of developing more health problems. Additional adverse side effects may include fatigue and psychological problems such as anxiety and depression. So, the best way for an elderly individual to maintain optimum levels of health is to eat a balanced diet which caters to the specific nutritive needs of their age group. On an average, the diet of adults provides more than enough of most nutrients, but intakes of some vitamins and minerals have been shown to be low in some age / sex groups e.g., iron in women. No matter, of what age the persons are, their bodies need a diet made up of lots of healthy and nutritious foods in order to function correctly. The basic components of any diet should include a combination of the protein from meat, fish, eggs and pulses; five portions of fruit and vegetables per day; and carbohydrates from brown rice, potatoes, cereals, whole-wheat pasta and couscous. What is needed to avoid, is also remains the same as people age and it is advisable to limit the amount of salt and alcohol consumed. Older and elderly adults who are struggling to maintain a healthy and balanced diet may find what they can take benefits from the guidance and support of a nutritionist. Adults who are serious about achieving a healthier lifestyle need to be proactive and use the up-to-date knowledge of food and nutrition to help them on their way towards their goals.
Keywords
Nutritional Treatment, Old Age, Adulthood, Nutritional Therapy, Food
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