American Journal of Food Science and Health
Articles Information
American Journal of Food Science and Health, Vol.5, No.2, Jun. 2019, Pub. Date: May 10, 2019
Appraisal of Malnutrition on Academic Performance of Students in the Basic Schools in Ghana
Pages: 38-45 Views: 295 Downloads: 255
[01] Janet Asiedua Amoah, Department of Pre-vocational, Enchi College of Education, Enchi, Ghana.
The main objective of the research was to find out the prevalence of malnutrition on the academic performance of students of Enchi College of Education Demonstration Basic School. The population for this study consisted of all the Junior High School (JHS) students of Enchi College of Education Demonstration School in the Aowin municipality in the Western North Region of the Republic of Ghana. A random sampling technique was used to select a sample size of 60 respondents made up of 35 boys and 25 girls from the school for the survey. The main instrument for data collection was Close-ended questionnaire, and ten (10) items were used to explore the influence of malnutrition on academic performance of (JHS) students of Enchi College of Education Demonstration School. It was concluded that there was lesser degree of prevalence of malnutrition among students. It is therefore recommended that educational stakeholders should try to address all effects of malnutrition by ensuring that children are assisted and guided to eat a proper diet in order to have holistic development since it was evidence from the study that the quality of food pupils eat were questionable.
Appraisal, Malnutrition, Academic Performance, Students, Basic Schools, Ghana
[01] Ministry of education (2018). Retrieved June 04, 2012, from ion.
[02] Pridmore, P. (2007). The Impact of Health on Education Access and Attainment: A Cross-National Review of the Research Evidence. CREATE Pathways to Access Research Monograph No 2. London, Institute of Education. Available at
[03] Grantham-McGregor, S., Cheung, Y. B., Cueto, S., Glewwe, P., Richter, L., & Strupp, B. (2007) Developmental potential in the first 5 years for children in developing countries. The Lancet, 368: 60-70.
[04] Pollitt, E. (1990). Malnutrition and infection in the classroom: Summary and conclusions. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 12 (3).
[05] Gale, R. Catharine, F. J., O’Callaghan, Keith, M. G., Law, C. M., & Martyn, C. N., (2003). Critical Periods of Brain Growth and Cognitive Function of Children. Brain, 127 (2), 321-329.
[06] Brown, J. L., & Pollitt, E. (1996). Malnutrition, poverty and intellectual development. Scientific American 27438.
[07] Pollitt, E. (1998). Malnutrition and Infection in the Classroom. Paris: UNESCO.
[08] Galal, O., & Hulett, J. (2003). The relationship between Nutrition and Children’s Educational Performance: a focus on the United Arab Emirates. Review of British Nutrition Foundation; Nutrition Bulletin, 28 (1), 11-20.
[09] Pollitt E, Gorman, K. S, Engle, P. L., Martorell, R. & Rivera, J. (1993). Early Supplementary Feeding and Cognition: effects over two decades. Monogram. Soc. Res. Child Dev, 58, R5-R98.
[10] Ananga, E. (2010). Typologies of drop out in Southern Ghana, CREATE Ghana Policy Brief No. 1. University of Sussex, Brighton. World Bank, 1993).
[11] Partnership for Child Development, (1997). The health and nutritional status of schoolchildren in Africa: evidence from school-based health programmes in Ghana and Tanzania. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 92, 254-261.
[12] Fentiman, A. Hall, A. & Bundy, D. (1999). School Enrolment Patterns in Rural Ghana: A comparative study of the impact of location, gender, age and health on children’s access to basic schooling. Comparative Education, 35 (3), 331-349.
[13] WHO (2010). Use of new World Health Organization child growth standards to assess how infant malnutrition relates to breastfeeding and mortality. Bulletin of the World Health Organisation 88 (1), 39-48.
[14] Smith, L. C., & Haddad, L. (2000) explaining child malnutrition in developing countries: Across-country analysis.
[15] Adelman, M., & Székely, M. (2016). School Dropout in Central America (Policy Research Working Paper 7561). Washington, DC: The World Bank. Retrieved from pdf
[16] World Bank. (2017). Education Statistics (EdStats) [dataset]. Extracted 9/22/2017. Retrieved from http://
[17] Uma, K. S., Manohar, M., Muthukrishnan, G., Jebamony, K., & Radhakrishnan, S. (2016). Awareness and treatment seeking behaviour of malaria in selected endemic and non-endemic rural areas of Kanyakumari district, Tamilnadu, India. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health, 3 (8), 2313-2318.
[18] Wiysonge, S. C., Ndze, N. V., Kongnyuy, J. E., & Shey, S. M. (2017). Vitamin A supplements for reducing mother-to-child HIV transmission. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 7 (9), 236-248.
[19] FAO (2008). Nutrition Education for the public is essential. Global forum on Food Security and Nutrition Policies and Strategies (FSN Forum) Brief, Issue I.
[20] Ford, E. S., & Makdad, A. H. (2001). Fruits and vegetable consumption and diabetes mellitus incidence among US. Adults, Prev Med, 32 (1), 33 – 39.
[21] Erikson, J. (2006). Brain food: the real dish on nutrition and brain function. Wiskid Journal.
[22] International Food Policy Research Institute (2000). Nutrition throughout the life cycle; 4th Report on the World Nutrition Situation. Geneva: UN Administrative Committee on Coordination.
[23] Labodarios, D. (2005). Malnutrition is the developing world: The triple burden. South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition (SAJCN), 18 (2), 119 – 121.
[24] Grantham – McGregor, S. M., & Ani, C. C. (2001). Under nutrition and mental development. K Nestle Nutrition Workshop Series Clinical and Performance Program. Bessel: Nestle Ltd; 5: 1 – 18.
[25] Levinger, B. (1996). Nutrition, Health and Education for All. Newton, M. A (ed). Education Development Centre, pp. 20-24.
[26] Fogel, R. W. (2004). Health Nutrition and Economic growth. Economic development and cultural change, 52 (3), 643-658.
[27] Bhutta, Z. A. (2008). What works? Interventions for maternal and child nutrition and survival. Lancet, 37 (9610), 417-440.
[28] Abukari, Z. (2018). “Not Giving Up”: Ghanaian Students’ Perspectives on Resilience, Risk, and Academic Achievement. SAGE Open, 8 (4), 21-37.
[29] Singh, S. P. (2014). Why study Child Growth and Nutrition? A conference paper presented on The new areas of biological anthropology in Indiaat Dept of Anthropology, North Eastern Hill University, Shillong.
[30] Abiola, Y. O. (2016). Nutrition and Cognition in School-Aged Children: A Brief Review. International Journal of Educational Benchmark (Ijeb), 4 (1), 122-137.
[31] Wolfe, P., Burkman, A., & Strong, K. (2000). The science of nutrition: Educational leadership. Healthy Bodies, Minds, and Buildings, 57 (6), 54-59.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.