American Journal of Food Science and Health
Articles Information
American Journal of Food Science and Health, Vol.5, No.2, Jun. 2019, Pub. Date: May 28, 2019
A Preliminary Study for Assessing the Relationship Between Body Image Concern and Health Concern of Consumers of Snack Bars
Pages: 61-66 Views: 92 Downloads: 39
Authors
[01] Vinícius Rodrigues Arruda Pinto, Departamento de Tecnologia de Alimentos (DTA), Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa, Brazil.
[02] Lucas Guimarães de Souza Araújo, Departamento de Nutrição e Saúde (DNS), Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa, Brazil.
[03] Letícia Soares de Freitas, Departamento de Nutrição e Saúde (DNS), Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa, Brazil.
[04] Ana Luiza Gomes Domingos, Departamento de Nutrição e Saúde (DNS), Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa, Brazil.
[05] Tamara Beatriz de Oliveira Freitas, Departamento de Tecnologia de Alimentos (DTA), Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa, Brazil.
[06] Laura Fernandes Melo, Departamento de Tecnologia de Alimentos (DTA), Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa, Brazil.
[07] Josefina Bressan, Departamento de Nutrição e Saúde (DNS), Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa, Brazil.
Abstract
The relationship between body image concern and health concern has not been extensively studied. In the current study, it was aimed to evaluate this relation based on health-conscious Brazilian individuals, consumers of snack bars. Ninety-nine Brazilian participants, ages 18-55, completed the health consciousness questionnaire (HCQ) and the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ). Anthropometric measurements were performed according to established procedures. Health concern (HC) and body image dissatisfaction (BID) were explored as the focus variables in the Focused Principal Component Analysis (FPCA), a graphical method of correlation between a set of variables of interest. BID was higher in individuals more concerned about their body image and individuals with higher waist-hip ratio (WHR) and body fat percentage (BFP) indexes (p<0.05). The clusters made it possible to affirm that there is a close relationship between body image concern and health concern, suggesting that more health-conscious individuals are less dissatisfied with their body image. Health consciousness can contribute to the prevention of severe body image distortions. It is needed to involve policy makers, researchers, industry and government in combating poor food choices and products that deliver false promises to consumers, avoiding serious disorders and public health issues.
Keywords
Snacks, Snack Bars, Body Image, Focused Principal Component Analysis, Health Concern
References
[01] NIELSEN, A., & HOLM, L. (2014). Food shopping and weight concern. Balancing consumer and body normality. Appetite, 82, 213-220.
[02] FISZMAN, S., CARRILLO, E., & VARELA, P. (2015). Consumer perception of carriers of a satiating compound. Influence of front-of-package images and weight loss-related information. Food Res Int., 78, 88-95.
[03] MCCABE, M. P., CONNAUGHTON, C., TATANGELO, G., MELLOR, D., & BUSIJA, L. (2017). Healthy me: A gender-specific program to address body image concerns and risk factors among pre adolescents. Body Image, 20, 20-30.
[04] RODGERS, R. F. (2016). The role of the “Healthy Weight” discourse in body image and eating concerns: An extension of sociocultural theory. Eat Behav., 22, 194-198.
[05] YIU, A., MURRAY, S. M., ARLT, J. M., ENEVA, K. T., & CHEN, E. Y. (2017). The importance of body image concerns in overweight and normal weight individuals with binge eating disorder. Body Image, 22, 6-12.
[06] COUMANS, J. M. J., DANNER, U. N., INTEMANN, T., DE DECKER, A., HADJIGEORGIOU, C., HUNSBERGER, M., MORENO, L. A., RUSSO, P., STOMFAI, S., VEIDEBAUM, T., ADAN, R. A. H., & HEBESTREIT, A. (2018). Emotion-driven impulsiveness and snack food consumption of European adolescents: Results from the I. Family study. Appetite, 123, 152-159.
[07] PAPAKONSTANTINOU, E., ORFANAKOS, N., FARAJIAN, P., KAPETANAKOU, A. E., MAKARITI, I. P., GRIVOKOSTOPOULOS, N., HA, M-A., & SKANDAMIS, P. N. (2017). Short-term effects of a low glycemic index carob-containing snack on energy intake, satiety, and glycemic response in normal-weight, healthy adults: Results from two randomized trials. Nutrition, 42, 12-19.
[08] PINTO, V. R. A., FREITAS, T. B. O., DANTAS, M. I. S., DELLA LUCIA, S. M., MELO, L. F., MINIM, V. P. R., & BRESSAN, J. (2017). Influence of packaging and health-related claims on perception and sensory acceptability of snack bars. Food Research International, 101, 103-113.
[09] COOPER, P. J., TAYLOR, M. J., COOPER, Z., & FAIRBURN, C. G. (1987). the development and validation of the body shape questionnaire. Int J Eat Disord, 6 (4), 485-494.
[10] KAKESHITA, I. S., SILVA, A. I. P., ZANATTA, D. P., & ALMEIDA, S. S. (2009). Construção e fidedignidade teste-reteste de escala de figuras brasileiras para adultos e crianças. Psicol. Teor. Pesq., 25, 263-270.
[11] MURPHY, E., DOOLEY, B., MENTON, A., & DOLPHIN, L. (2016). What factors mediate the relationship between global self-worth and weight and shape concerns? Eat Behav., 21, 142-149.
[12] FALISSARD, B., CORRUBLE, E., MALLET, L., & HARDY, P. (2001). Focused Principal Component Analysis: a promising approach for confirming findings of exploratory analysis? Int. J. Methods Psychiatr Res., 10 (4), 191-195.
[13] CANUTO, R., CARMEY, S., GIGANTE, D. P., MENEZES, A. M. B., & OLINTO, M. T. A. (2010). Focused Principal Component Analysis: a graphical method for exploring dietary patterns. Cad. Saúde Pública, 26 (11), 2149-2156.
[14] WAITE, F., & FREEMAN, D. (2017). Body image and paranoia. Psychiatry Res., 258, 136-140.
[15] BAILEY, K. A., GAMMAGE, K. L., & VAN INGEN, C. (2017). How do you define body image? Exploring conceptual gaps in understandings of body image at an exercise facility. Body Image, 23, 69-79.
[16] MAI, R., & HOFFMANN, S. (2017). Indirect ways to foster healthier food consumption patterns: Health-supportive side effects of health-unrelated motives. Food Qual. Prefer., 57, 54-68.
[17] APAOLAZA, V., HARTMANN, P., D’SOUZA, C., & LÓPEZ, C. M. (2018). Eat organic – Feel good? The relationship between organic food consumption, health concern and subjective wellbeing. Food Qual. Prefer, 63, 51-62.
[18] GAO, X., LI, X., YANG, X., WANG, Y., JACKSON, T., & CHEN, H. (2013). I can’t stop looking at them: Interactive effects of body mass index and weight dissatisfaction on attention towards body shape photographs. Body Image, 10 (2), 191-199.
[19] MITROFAN, L. (2012). Self-image and excessive concern over weight. Procedia Soc Behav Sci., 33, 30-34.
[20] FURNHAM, A., PETRIDES, K. V., & CONSTANTINIDES, A. (2005). The effects of body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio on ratings of women attractiveness, fecundity, and health. Personal. Individ. Differ, 38 (8), 1823-1834.
[21] CORNELISSEN, P. L., TOVEÉ, M. J., & BATESON, M. (2009). Patterns of subcutaneous fat deposition and the relationship between body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio: Implications for models of physical attractiveness. J. Theor. Biol., 256, 343-350.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.