American Journal of Food Science and Health
Articles Information
American Journal of Food Science and Health, Vol.5, No.3, Sep. 2019, Pub. Date: Nov. 14, 2019
Antidiabetic Activity of Pasteurized Camel Milk; Effect on Pancreatic B-cells
Pages: 142-147 Views: 212 Downloads: 152
[01] Amel Sboui, Livestock and Wildlife Laboratory, Arid Land Institute, Medenine, Tunisia.
[02] Touhami Khorchani, Livestock and Wildlife Laboratory, Arid Land Institute, Medenine, Tunisia.
[03] Aroua Agrebi, Veterinary School, Laboratory of Physiology and Therapeutic, Sidi Thabet, Tunisia.
[04] Moncef Mokni, Farhat Hached Hospital, Anatomy - Pathology Laboratory, Sousse, Tunisia.
[05] Omrane Belhadj, College of Science, Biochemistry and Technobiology Laboratory, Tunis, Tunisia.
This research was conducted to evaluate the antidiabetic effect of pasteurized camel milk in alloxan diabetic dogs. Diabete was induced by intravenous injection of alloxan (65 mg/kg bodyweight). The effects of camel milk on diabetic dogs were investigated by observing changes in the glycometabolic index (fasting blood glucose, IGTT test), the lipometabolic index (triglycerides, cholesterol), and total proteins and in the degree of injury of β-cells in the pancreatic islets. The group treated with raw camel milk (RCM) produced a significant decrease in fasting plasma glucose (from 9.77±0.19 to 5.4±0.13 mmol/L), cholesterol (from 6.94±0.06 to 5.04±0.8 mmol/L) and total proteins (from 75.31±4.68 to 67.06±3.32 g/L) in blood sample and an improvement on the animal clinical status (normal activity). The same result was showed in animals getting pasteurized camel milk (PCM): fasting blood glucose (from 9.83±0.1 to 5.46±0.22 mmol/L); cholesterol (from 7.25±1.11 to 5.18±0.97 mmol/L) total proteins (from 74.84±5.45 to 67.06±3.32 g/L). Treatment with raw or pasteurized camel milk also induces the renewal of pancreatic b-cells. The curative effect of camel milk on diabetic dogs was approved in this study. This effect was observed using raw or pasteurized camel milk as treatment. Pasteurized camel milk can be used as an alternative for better preservation of nutritional and therapeutic quality of this product.
Antidiabetic Effect, Diabetes, Pasteurized Camel Milk, Raw Camel Milk
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