American Journal of Food Science and Health
Articles Information
American Journal of Food Science and Health, Vol.6, No.2, Jun. 2020, Pub. Date: Apr. 29, 2020
Effectiveness of Homemade and Commercialised Egg White Mask Amongst Medical Students of Melaka Manipal Medical College – A Parallel Randomized Controlled Study
Pages: 54-66 Views: 5184 Downloads: 5825
[01] Chean Ker Wei, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Muar, Malaysia.
[02] Farrah Elida Binti Zanuldin, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Muar, Malaysia.
[03] Vanessa Raj a/p Pitchai, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Muar, Malaysia.
[04] Deeviya a/p Surukumaran, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Muar, Malaysia.
[05] Ilman Bin Imran, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Muar, Malaysia.
The high protein content in egg whites is one of the more essential components which makes it favourable for hair and skin treatment as protein is known for skin tightening and the ability to diminish oil on the skin. Apart from containing high levels of hyaluronic acid and hydrosylate enzyme, egg whites also contain vitamins and minerals which help in improving the skin’s overall appearance. Hence, various cosmetic companies are producing egg whites products especially in the form of facial masks as egg whites have become one of the epitomes of beauty. A randomized controlled trial was conducted and 50 students were randomized into intervention group (n=25) where they received homemade egg white mask for two consecutive days and into control group (n=25) where they received commercialized egg white mask for two consecutive days. Evaluation of oiliness of skin was done before and after masks application in both groups by means of questionnaires and blotting paper tests. Unpaired t test was used for analysis. There was no significant difference in skin oiliness between the intervention group (homemade egg white mask) and the control group (commercialized egg white mask) after the application of both types of mask. However, participants in the group received homemade egg white mask for two consecutive days shows a significant difference in skin oiliness before and after appliation of mask. On the other hand, participants in the group received commercialised egg white mask for two consecutive days shows no significant difference in skin oiliness between before and after applying the commercialized egg white mask. Participants in the group received homemade egg white mask had given a positive feedback regarding signifivant increased in smoothness and reduction in pore size of the facial skin. Nevertheless, we also studied the effects of homemade and commercialised egg white mask on overcoming other dermatological problems such as blackheads, acnes and acne scars, pigmentations as well as pain from existing acnes. Homemade egg white mask gives a positive result to most of the dermatological problems mentioned in our study. In a nutshell, homemade egg white masks pose a good effect on the overall facial skin health. Egg whites are a good source of protein, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants which are beneficial for the skin. By including homemade egg white masks into skin care routine, it is proven to be a potent skin rejuvenating and smoothening agent.
Randomised Controlled Trial, Egg Whites, Mask, Face Mask, Homemade Mask, Commercialised Mask
[01] Mohammad Ali Nilforoushzadeh, Mohammad Amir Amirkhani, Payam Zarrintaj, Abolfazl Salehi Moghaddam, Tina Mehrabi, Shiva Alavi, et. al (2018). Skin care and rejuvenation by cosmeceutical facial mask. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology 2018, Volume 17, Issue 5 pg 693-702.
[02] Robin E. Schroeder, Sebastian G. Kaplan, Steven R. Feldman (2012). The effects of acne on self-esteem among adolescents. Cosmet Dermatol 2012, Volume 25, pg 66-70.
[03] Robert Arbuckle, Marci Clark, Jane Harness, Nicola Bonner, Jane Scott, Zoe Draelos, et. al (2009). Item reduction and psychometric validation of the Oily Skin Self Assessment Scale (OSSAS) and the Oily Skin Impact Scale (OSIS). Value in Health 2009, Volume 12, Number 5, pg 828-837.
[04] Maria Valeria R Velasco, Vivian Zague, Michelli F. Dario, Deborah O. Nishikawa, Claudineia A. S. O Pinto, Mariana M. Almeida, et. al (2016). Characterization & Short term clinical study of clay facial mask. Revista de Ciencias Farmaceuticas Basica Aplicada 2016; 37 (1) ISSN 1808-4532.
[05] Robert Arbuckle, Mark J Atkinson, Marci Clark, Linda Abetz, Jan Lohs, Ilka Kuhagen, et. al. (2008). Patient experience with oily skin: The qualitative development of content for two new patient reported outcome questionnaires. Health and quality of life outcome 2008. Volume 6. doi: 10.1186/1477-7525-6-80.
[06] PaTrycja (2017). The Origin And History Of Cosmetic Face Masks. Ayurvedic Knowledge Blogspot.
[07] Hamde Nazar, Abdullah Nazar, Mahdi Nazar (2014). Beauty is now more than skin deep – the emergence of cosmeceuticals. The Pharmaceutical Journal 2014, Volume 292, No 7804, pg 380. DOI: 10.1211/PJ.2014.11135579.
[08] Julia Fiore (2019). How Ancient Egyptian Cosmetics Influenced Our Beauty Rituals. Visual culture. Blogspot.
[09] Kishori Sud (2019). Chinese Women Have Amazing Skin Thanks To These Ancient Beauty Secrets !. Her Zindagi. Blogspot.
[10] Natural Skin Care Love (2014). What you don’t know about commercial skin care products could kill you, and natural beauty products that could save your life. Blogspot.
[11] Nalaka Sandun Abeyrathne, H. Y. Lee, Dong Uk Ahn (2013). Egg white proteins and their potential use in food processing or as neutraceutical and pharmaceutical agents - A review. Article in Poultry science 92. Volume 12. DOI: 10.3382/ps.2013-03391.
[12] Conde Nast (2018). Egg, white, raw, fresh Nutrition Facts & Calories. Self Nutrition Data. Blogsot.
[13] George Pitsolis (2006). Facial mask. United States Patent Application Publication. Pub. No: US 2006/0048278 A1. Article.
[14] Arun Rasheed, G. Avinash Kumar Reddy, S. Mohanalakshmi, C. K Ashok Kumar (2011). Formulation and comparative evaluation of poly herbal anti-acne face wash gels. Pharmaceutical Biology 49: 8, pg 771-774, DOI: 10.3109/13880209.2010.547207.
[15] Sarah DiGiulio (2019). Are those trendy face masks actually doing anything for your scan ?. BETTER. Blogspot.
[16] Priyanka Mehra, A. S Deshpande (2016). Literature review of facial skin embellishment using flexible region aware mask. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) Volume 5 Issue 4, April 2016, ISSN (online): 2319-7064.
[17] Himaja N, Ashok Kumar A, Bhart Kumar B (2015). Preparation and Evaluation of Poly Herbal Fruit Face Mask. Quest Journal Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Science Volume 2 ~ Issue 11 (2015) pp: 07-13, ISSN: 2347-2995.
[18] Terry Gerstein, East Brunswick (1992). Rinse Away Face Masque. United States Patent, Patent number: 5139771. Article.
[19] Jessie Szalay (2015). Egg Whites: Health Benefits & Nutrition facts. Live science. Blogspot.
[20] Rachel Nall RN MSN (2018). Are egg white face masks good for your skin ?. Medical News Today. Blogspot.
[21] Hiroaki Yamaguchi, Akio Kawasaki, Masatsugu Yamashita (1995). Skin cosmetic having an egg white enzyme hydrolysate with hyaluronic acid synthesis promoting activity. United state patent. Patent No. 5460832.
[22] Noureddine Halla, Isabel P. Fernandes, Sandrina A. Heleno, Patricia Costa, Zahia Boucherit-Otmani, Kebir Boucherit, et. al (2018). Cosmetic Preservation: A Review on present strategies. Molecules 2018, Volume 23; DOI: 10.3390/molecules23071571.
[23] Leslie S. Baumann, Randall D. Penfield, Jennifer L. Clarke, Deysi K. Duque (2014). A Validated Questionnaire for Quantifying Skin Oiliness. Journal of Cosmetic, Dermatological Sciences and Application, Volume 4 No. 2 (2014), Article ID: 43949, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2014.42012.
[24] Naomi Mruttu (2016). 7 unusual ways eggs can make you prettier. Evewoman. Blogspot.
[25] Jitendra Rathod (2019). Egg White Face Mask: Benefits, Risks and Recipes. Dermcollective. Blogspot.
[26] Maddy Sims (2019). 6 signs a face mask is doing more harm than good to your skin. Business Insider. Blogspot.
[27] April Hutchins (2019). Charcoal Face Masks: Types, Benefits, Safety Concerns, DIY, Recipes and More. Dermcollective. Blogspot.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.