American Journal of Food Science and Health
Articles Information
American Journal of Food Science and Health, Vol.1, No.2, Jun. 2015, Pub. Date: Apr. 21, 2015
Bacteriological and Parasitological Assessment of Fresh Vegetables and Fruits Sold in Two Major Markets in Lokoja, Kogi State Nigeria
Pages: 32-37 Views: 2779 Downloads: 1581
[01] Awe S. Gimba F., Department of Biosciences, Salem University, Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria.
[02] Madueke S. N., Department of Biosciences, Salem University, Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria.
This study was done to assess the microbial and parasitic infestation of fresh fruits and vegetables in two major markets in Lokoja metropolis. A total of 24 fruits and vegetables were purchased from the 2 markets, they were washed, and were examined for microbial and parasitic organisms. The total bacterial, coliform and fungal counts on the samples from Ganaja market ranged from 0.6 – 5.9 x 104 cfu/g, 0.0 - 3.1 x 104cfu/g, 0.0 – 3.2 x 104cfu/g respectively while for Adankolo Market it ranged from 0.2 – 4.0 x 104cfu/g, 0.0 – 1.3 x 104cfu/g, 0.0 – 3.9 x 104cfu/g respectively. Predominant bacteria isolated include: Klebsiella sp., Pseudomonas sp., Salmonella sp., Shigella dysenteriae , Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Serratia sp., Proteus sp. and Enterobacter sp. The parasitic eggs observed include: Capillaria hepatica, Fasciola sp., Hymenolepsis nana, Dermatobia hominis, Spongyloides sp., Taenia sp., Trichuris vulpis, Ascaris lumbricoides, Paragonimus westermani, Schistosoma haematobium, Spongyloides stercoralis, Dipylidium caninum, while the parasitic larvae include Zygnema sp., Trichuris sp., Hook worm, Tape worm and Dipylidium sp., Telfairia occidentalis, Vernonia amygdalina, Hydrophylum triangulare, Cucumis sativus and Corchorus olitorie showed high level of infestations both bacteriologically and parasititologically with Ganaja market having the highest level compared to Adankolo Market. Findings indicates that fruits and vegetables can be potential source of microbial and parasitic infestation, there is a need for consumers to know the risk of consuming infested fruits and vegetables sold in the markets.
Food Safety, Fruits, Parasites, Vegetables, Microbial Infestation
[01] Anuar, A.K, Ramachandran, C.P (2000). A study on the prevalence of soil transmitted helminths among lettuce leaves sold in local markets in Penang, Malaysia. Malaysian Medical Journal. 31: 262-268.
[02] Beuchat, S.B (2002). Salmonella contamination associated with fresh fruits and vegetables in market places. Journal of Plant Disease. 99:71-77.
[03] Braudbury, B.K (1970). Isolation and Preliminary study of Bacteria from Plants and Food 3rdedition. Gregory publishing company CarlifoniaPg 234-241.
[04] Cheesebrough, A.P (2006). District Laboratory Practice in tropical countries Cambrigde.University press, United Kingdom. Pg 434-438.
[05] Francis, L.O, Monica, G.F, Andrea, G.F (2002). Assessment of vegetable pollution by helminth eggs and human feces management in 2 rural communes of Hanoi suburb. Journal of Medical Practice (Ministry of Health, Vietnam).6: 38-42.
[06] Fawole, M.O. and B.A. Oso, (2004). Laboratory Manual of Microbiology. Spectrum Books Limited Spectrum House, Ring Road, Ibadan, Nigeria, pp: 1-48.
[07] Gaspared, H.L, Schwartzboad, K.M (2002). Methods of parasitic examination 3rd edition. Published by G.W. Kent, Inc. 3667 Morgan Road, Ann Arbor M I 48108. Pg 35-37.
[08] Jane, P.K, Marcus, G.O (2009). Quantification of Microbial Quality and Safety in minimally processed food. International Dairy Journal. 12:263-271.
[09] Lindow, S.E, Hecht, P.O, Elliot, K.F (2002). Efficay of Novel Organic and Treatment for eliminating E.coli. Journal of Food Microbiology. 58:73-82.
[10] Nester, E.W., Anderson, D.G., Roberts, C.E. and Nester, M.T (2007). Microbiology : A Human Perspective 5th edition. McCgraw, New York, p 627
[11] Prescott, L.M; Harley, J.P. and Klein, D.A. (2008). Microorganisms in aquatic environments In Microbiology 5th edition, Mc Gram – Hill Companies Inc. New York.; 632 – 663.
[12] Sinniah, B.Y (2003). Incidence of soil-Transmitted Helminths in vegetables sold in the markets of Kuala Lumpur. In collected papers on the control of Soil-Transmitted Helminths, Proceedings of the Second Asian Parasite Control Organization (APCO). Pg 101-103.
[13] Uga, S.H, Nathan,T.V, Thuan ,L.K, Noda, S.F, (2000). Intestinal parasitic infections in school children in a suburban area of Hanoi, Vietnam. Southeast Asian Journal Medical Public Health. 36: 14-20.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - 2017 American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.