International Journal of Modern Physics and Applications
Articles Information
International Journal of Modern Physics and Applications, Vol.5, No.2, Jun. 2019, Pub. Date: Jun. 11, 2019
Assessing Learner-Centred Approach and Teaching and Learning Materials in Physics Lessons in the Colleges of Education in Ghana
Pages: 17-25 Views: 130 Downloads: 62
Authors
[01] Victor Antwi, Department of Science Education, University of Education, Winneba, Ghana.
[02] Simon Abedi Opare, Department of Science Education, Enchi College of Education, Enchi, Ghana.
[03] Georgina Asinam Fianoo, Department of Science Education, Presbyterian College of Education, Akropong, Ghana.
[04] Frank Osei Manu, Department of Science Education, Enchi College of Education, Enchi, Ghana.
[05] Joana Danquah, Department of Science Education, Seventh Day Adventist College of Education, Asokore, Koforidua, Ghana.
Abstract
The research was conducted to investigate into the use of learner-centred approach and teaching and learning materials (TLMs) in physics lessons in Colleges of Education in Ghana. Quantitative and qualitative (mixed method) survey was used in the study. A purposive sampling was used to select the three (3) science colleges in Central and Western Regions in Ghana. The population for the study contained ninety (90) physics students and three (3) physics tutors who teach those physics from the three selected colleges of education. A questionnaire and interview (semi-structured interview) were used as instruments for the study. SPSS was used to analyse the quantitative data which was coded, edited and analysed to determine the frequency and percentages of responses and the qualitative information was analysed using the interpretative technique based on the themes/items. Twelve (12) selected items set for questionnaires were answered by physics students and five (5) interview items/themes were set for physics tutors to give their responses after they taught the lesson. It was found that physics tutors in colleges of educations were using lecture method to teach physics without involving their students in lesson and this contributed to the poor performance of physics students in physics lessons. It was verified that majority of the science colleges do not have sufficient TLMs and resources for practical lessons. The research showed that using learner-centred approach and TLMs to teach physics encouraged students’ participation and active in lessons which improved their performance in class. It was recommended that tutors teaching physics in colleges of education in Ghana should be encouraged to use learner-centred approach and TLMs in their lessons.
Keywords
Learner-Centred Approach, Teaching and Learning Materials (TLMs), Assess, Students’ Performance, Physics Lessons, Colleges of Education, Ghana
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