Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
Articles Information
Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol.1, No.4, Sep. 2015, Pub. Date: Jul. 10, 2015
Causes and Effects of Violence in Nigerian Prisons
Pages: 368-373 Views: 1372 Downloads: 1764
Authors
[01] Ogadimma Chukwubueze Arisukwu, Department of Sociology, College of Business and Social Sciences, Landmark University Omu, Aran Kwara State, Nigeria.
[02] Adejumo Yinka Philip, Nigerian Prisons, Ibadan, Nigeria.
[03] Festus Femi Asamu, Department of Sociology, College of Business and Social Sciences, Landmark University Omu, Aran Kwara State, Nigeria.
Abstract
Violence in one form or the other is not restricted to a section of human communities. Individuals, groups and even nations experience violence of various kinds. The nature of struggle over values, interests, power, ideology and resources of different kinds necessitates the occurrence of violence in human life (Albert, 2000). Prison communities are not far from other human communities that experience violence peculiar to their social environment. Prison violence destroys human lives (inmate and prison personnel) and property worth millions of naira in Nigeria. The incessant prison violence and jail breaks in Nigeria have created a negative image for the country. However, the lack of adequate research to reveal the causes of prison violence and jail breaks in Nigeria has made control difficult and impacted negatively in the relevance of prison in Nigeria. Three major research instruments were used to collect the qualitative data for this study. In-depth interview guide (IDI), Focus group discussion (FGD) and non-participatory observation were used to obtain data for the study. The study was conducted at Agodi prison yard, Ibadan Oyo state Command Secretariat, CP quarters Jericho Ibadan, Oyo Prisons, and Ogbomosho farm centre. Other secondary sources of data include text books, journals and newspapers. The researcher consulted legal practitioners and non-governmental organizations that operate within the prisons. The data obtained were analyzed using descriptive and content analysis. The study adopted relative deprivation and frustration and aggression theories. The study revealed that high profile inmates spear head violence in Nigeria prison. Government negligence, deteriorating facilities and overcrowding caused inmates to protest. Poor prison management style and corrupt practices by prison officials equally led to prison violence. The study concluded that to achieve effective management of the prison and reduce prison violence, both the government and the prison management must take their responsibilities seriously. Prison officials must be trained adequately on how to prevent and manage prison violence constructively.
Keywords
Negligence, Poor Management, Prison Violence, Nigeria
References
[01] Agaba, D.(2009). Astudy of unconvicted and convicted prisoners in the Nigerian prisons. Implications for prison congestion (A case of Agodi prison Ibadan). Continental J. social sciences2:1-5
[02] Ahire, P.T (1995). The Origin, Development and Role of the Nigerian Prison System. Annals of the social science council of Nigeria, No. 7, pp 40-41
[03] Alemika (1992). Humanizing the Nigerian Prison through Litracy. www.uwlines.org accessed on 12th August, 2013.
[04] Alemika, (1989). Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria. www.cleen.org accessed on March 7, 2013.
[05] Annual Report, (2011). Nigeria:2011 Report, Amnesty International USA. www.amnestyusa.org. accessed on 27th March 2014.
[06] Milner, (1992). Socioeconomic and criminological attributes of convicts. www.sciencedirect.com accessed on 5th January 2014.
[07] Ogundipe, O. (2011). The move to collapse Nigerian prison system. www.thisdaylive.com accessed on 27th sept.2013.
[08] Ohia. I. (2014). Nigerian Prisons: Hell on Earth. www.mynewswatchtimesng,com
[09] Okunola R.A. (1986). Challenges and Reforms in the Nigerian Prison System. Journal of Social Science and public policy, volume 4
[10] Osibanjo & Kalu, (1990). The constitutionality of Death penalty under Nigeria law. Federal Ministry of Justice Nigeria. www.academia.edu accessed on 12th November, 2013.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - 2017 American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.