Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
Articles Information
Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol.1, No.1, Mar. 2015, Pub. Date: Mar. 31, 2015
Human Trafficking in the South Asian Region: SAARC’s Response and Initiatives
Pages: 14-31 Views: 3913 Downloads: 3710
[01] Chanchal Kumar, Department of Political Science, Janki Devi Memorial College, University of Delhi, India.
Human trafficking is considered to be a serious violation of human security. Causes that contribute to human trafficking are commonly believed to be related to poverty, globalization and economic disparities among countries. Human trafficking is the modern equivalent to slavery. It presents a dangerous threat to the human rights and human dignity of many people each year. Despite this, it remains one of the least understood forms of transnational crime, with major gaps existing in both the data on the prevalence of the problem, as well as gaps in the ability of legislators to properly address the problem in their respective countries. Human trafficking is a serious violation of human rights because of the involuntary manner in which trafficked victims are recruited, entrapped, transported and subsequently subjected to the exploitation and abuses inherent in the act.
Human Trafficking, Human Security, Women Security, South Asia, SAARC
[01] A Human Rights Report on Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children – Bangladesh.” (n.d.). The Protection Project: content/uploads/2010/09/Bangladesh2.pdf
[02] Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC), ‘The situation of children in Afghanistan’ (fact sheet). Through the initiative of the AIHRC and the cooperation of the government and the international community, a national plan of action against child trafficking was developed and approved by the government in July 2004.
[03] Agarwal, Indrani, (2008)“Combating Child Trafficking”, Adhyayan Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi, p. 187.
[04] Aronowitz A. Alexis (2009) Human Trafficking Human Misery: The Global Trade in Human Beings, Praeger Publishers, London: UK
[05] Bangladesh - Global Slavery Index 2(013)
[06] Bangladesh National Women Lawyers Association (BNWLA), About Us, Dec. 1, 2008,
[08] CB Bureau (2012) Trafficking in Persons: India yet to meet minimum standards for dealing with it, says report, Cause Because, New Delhi.
[09] Chowdhury Mohammad Barad Hossain (2012) Trafficking in persons in Bangladesh: 2012, Dhaka: Bangladesh.
[10] Concept Paper of Research Study on Human Trafficking Situation in the SAARC Region: Bridging the Gaps (2012)
[11] Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan 1973, article 11 (2)I, at .Prevention and Control of Human Trafficking Ordinance 2002, Sections 2 (h) and 3
[12] Coomaraswary and Satkunanathan, op. cit., p. 74; for original text of amendment see Gazette of The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, part II, August 2005
[13] Country Narratives: Countries A Through F, Trafficking in Persons Report 2012, AFGHANISTAN (Tier 2 Watch List) Department of States, and United States of America.
[14] Country Narratives: Countries N Through Z: 2012, Trafficking in Persons Report 2012 US Department of State:
[15] Daw Bianca (2008) Child Trafficking- Problems and Solutions
[16] Declaration of the Tenth SAARC Summit Colombo: 1998
[17] Forced Prostitution (2007) Rescue Foundation, Kandiwali (w), Mumbai: India
[18] Ganguly Shreya, Sathpathy Raunak (2011) India still stuck in the Traffick,,
[19] Kacker Loveleen, Varadan Srinivas, Kumar Pravesh, (2007) Study of Child Abuse: India 2007, Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India.
[20] LHRLA, Indrani Sinha, SANLAAP India, (2013) "Paper on Globalization & Human Rights"
[22] “Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons” Country Narratives: Countries N through Z Trafficking in Persons Report 2012.
[23] Masako Iijima, "S. Asia urged to unite against child prostitution," Reuters, 19 June 1998)
[24] Menon Meena (2011) Child Trafficking in India: “The Unknown Faces" Central Welfare Board,. India Forum,
[25] Nair P.M., Sen Sankar, Institute of Social Sciences (New Delhi, India), National Human Rights Commission, UNIFEM South Asia Regional Office, New Delhi (2005) Trafficking in Women and Children in India, Orient Blackswan, Delhi.
[26] National Plan to Combat Child Trafficking in Afghanistan.
[27] Ninth SAARC Summit (1997) Heads of State or Government: Ninth Meeting, Male, Maldives
[28] India Country Report (2008) To Prevent and Combat Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children and Women- World Congress III Against Sexual Exploitation of Children and Adolescents (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, November 2008)New Delhi- India.
[29] “Interview with Prof. Md. Zakir Hossain, the Dean, Faculty of Law, at University of Chittagong and Member, Judicial Service Commission, People’s Republic of Bangladesh: Human Trafficking in Bangladesh” (9 June, 2009) United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking HUB:
[30] PAKISTAN: IOM launches initiative to combat human trafficking, (2014) IRIN, Humanitarian News and Analysis, A service of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
[31], The Website for Pakistanis,
[32] Prabhu Devanand Prabhakar (2012) The Concept of Human Trafficking, Forced Labour and Employment of Children in the Light of Celebrated Cases,
[33] Radhika Coomaraswamy,(1997) UN Special Report on Violence Against Women, Gustavo Capdevila, IPS.
[34] Rashid, Sahid (2012) Human Trafficking in Pakistan,
[35] "Rights-South Asia: Slavery Still A Thriving Trade," Institute of Policy Studies (IPS), 29 December 1997)
[36] S. Huda, (2006) Sex trafficking in South Asia- Regional and National perspectives, International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, www.
[37] SAARC Convention on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Women and Children for Prostitution (1997)
[38] SAARC Convention on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Women and Children For Prostitution (2002)
[39] “SAARC Countries Reaffirm Commitment to end Violence against Children” Social and Development News in India June 4, 2012.
[40] “SAARC Countries Reaffirm Commitment to end Violence against Children Member Countries Sign Colombo Declaration”, (2012) Ministry of Women and Child Development, Press Information Bureau, Government in India.
[41] SAARC Gender Info Base: 2002
[42] Samu K. (2012) Trafficking-2012, Human Rights Documentation, Indian Social Institute, Lodi Road, New Delhi, India.
[43] Sex trafficking in South Asia (2007) Daily Times Monitor, Karachi, Pakistan.
[44] South Asia Newsletter (2012) Nepal: Indo – Nepal Training Workshop on Countering Trafficking for Forced Labour, Issue XXII, New Delhi-India.
[45] The Offence of Zina (Enforcement of Hudood) Ordinance, 1979, Ordinance No. VII of 1979, 9 February 1979, available at
[46] The Sixth SAARC-UN Women Review Meeting on SAARC Gender Info Base (SGIB) (2012) Colombo.
[47] Trafficking in Persons Report, 10th Edition (2010) Department of States, and United States of America. Updated reports are available at www.
[48] Trafficking in Persons Especially on Women and Children in Nepal (2012) National Human Rights Commission, Office of the Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Women and Children, Lalitapur, Nepal. Trafficking in Persons Report-Pakistan (2012), Pakistan (Tier 2) USDOS - US Department of State
[50] Trafficking in Persons Report 2012 – India (Tier 2) USDOS - US Department of State: Report on human trafficking (covering March 2011 to February 2012,
[51] Trafficking in Persons Report – India (2013) United States Department of State, available at:
[52] Trafficking in Persons Report, 12th Edition (2012) Department of States, and United States of America. Updated reports are available at www.
[53] Trafficking in Persons Report, 13th Edition (2013) Department of States, and United States of America. Updated reports are available at www.
[54] Trafficking in Persons Report- Afghanistan (2014), Afghanistan (Tier 2) USDOS - US Department of State available at:
[55] UNICEF (2009) South Asia in Action: Preventing and Responding to Child Trafficking- Analysis of Anti-Trafficking Initiatives in the Region, Florence, Italy.
[56] UNODC (2013), Current Status of Victim Service Providers and Criminal Justice Actors in India on Anti Human Trafficking, Regional Office for South Asia, New Delhi.
[57] UN. GIFT( Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking) Human Trafficking: An Overview (2008), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna.
[58] Urmila Chanam (2012) A woman is not for sale! A march to say 'no' to human trafficking, The Sangai Express, Manipur.
[59] “US Trafficking in Persons Report 2013”, Bangladesh Country Narrative, pp. 87-89, US Department of State:
[60] “US ask India to increase prosecutions in trafficking cases” Journalism of Courage- Archive, June 2013, Washington: USA.
[61] “What is human trafficking?” Manna Freedom- Breaking Chains ~ Building Lives May 3, 2012.
[62] William, A. Thomas, (2008) “Child Trafficking: An Unconscious Phenomenon”, Kanishka Publishers, Distributors, New Delhi.
MA 02210, USA
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.