Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
Articles Information
Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol.5, No.1, Mar. 2019, Pub. Date: Mar. 7, 2019
Evaluation of Choices of Livelihood Strategy and Livelihood Diversity of Rural Households in Ondo State, Nigeria
Pages: 17-24 Views: 249 Downloads: 162
Authors
[01] Toyosi Christianah Abiodun, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
[02] Adewale Isaac Olutumise, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Nigeria.
[03] Sylvester Oluwadare Ojo, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria; Department of Economics, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.
Abstract
The study empirically examined the livelihood strategies and livelihood diversity of rural households in Ondo State, Nigeria. Primary data were employed for this study and the data were collected from 120 rural household heads using well-structured questionnaire based on the specific objectives of the study. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics, Simpson index and multinomial logit regression. The result revealed that 80.8% of the respondents were male and 82.5% were married. Majority (83%) of the respondents had at least primary school education. The primary occupation was farming and 73.3% of the respondents were seen to combine both farm and non-farm strategies. Other observed non-farm income sources were carpentry, welding, trading, tailoring, hunting, lumbering, civil service among others. Results of the Simpson livelihood diversification index showed a risk neutral value of 0.64 with about 73.3% having more than one income source. The multinomial logit analysis showed that age, household size, level of education and farm size were the main factors that significantly influenced respondents’ choice of livelihood strategy. Inadequate asset/capital, infrastructural problem, lack of access to natural resources, awareness and training and cultural problems were identified as constraints to livelihood diversification efforts of household heads. Conclusively, rural livelihood is moderately diversified with households have more than one income sources. Also, diverse income sources provide a suiting relief to rural households as it builds up their total income.
Keywords
Livelihood Strategy, Diversity, Households, Multinomial Logit, Simpson Index, Nigeria
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