Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
Articles Information
Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol.5, No.3, Sep. 2019, Pub. Date: Jun. 15, 2019
Evaluating the Stakeholders’ Involvement in the Provision of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (Wash) Activities in Public Schools, Ghana
Pages: 298-307 Views: 188 Downloads: 170
Authors
[01] Hans Kwaku Duah, Department of Social Sciences and Humanities, Berekum College of Education, Berekum, Ghana.
[02] John Kwaku Bofa, Department of Community Development, Sunyani West District Assembly, Sunyani, Ghana.
[03] Ernest Apraku, Department of Social Science and Humanities, Berekum College of Education, Berekum, Ghana.
[04] Justice Ofosu Darko Fenteng, Department of Social Science and Humanities, Berekum College of Education, Berekum, Ghana.
Abstract
This study sought to assess the level of involvement and provision of water, sanitation and hygiene practices (WASH) by stakeholders for public basic schools in the Fiapre circuit of the Sunyani West Education Directorate. A mixed method study approach was used. The key instruments used for the data collection were questionnaires, interviews and observation. The participants in the study were officials from public sector institutions, the school teachers, pupils and PTA and SMC officials. The study revealed that sanitation and hygiene facilities available in these schools include toilet, urinal, handwashing materials and solid waste disposal facilities. On toilet facilities available in these schools, only pit latrines with most of them being wooden slaps except the Methodist Basic Schools that have cemented slaps. Almost all the schools have urinal facilities that are cemented. The use of the toilet rolls as the required anal cleansing material was also non-existent in all schools visited, as well as the provision of soap for hand washing. The study recommends that government should assist stakeholders in provision of toilets, urinals, solid waste containers and hand washing facilities which the schools cannot afford.
Keywords
Stakeholders Involvement, Water, Sanitation, Hygiene
References
[01] Aiello, A. E., Larson, E. L., Sedlak, R. (2018) Personal health. Bringing good hygiene home. American Journal of Infection Control. 36 (10 Supply): S152-65.
[02] Alexander, K., Zulaika, G., Nyothach, E., Oduor, C., Mason, L., Obor, D. & Phillips-Howard, P. (2018). Do Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Conditions in Primary Schools ConsistentlySupportSchoolgirls’ Menstrual Needs? A Longitudinal Study in Rural WesternKenya. Internationaljournal of environmental research and public health, 15 (8), 1682.
[03] Anaemene, B. U. (2018). Health Diplomacy and Regional Integration in West Africa: The WestAfrican Health Organization’s Experience. Retrieved at, 6 (03).
[04] Anthonj, C., Fleming, L., Godfrey, S., Ambelu, A., Bevan, J., Cronk, R., & Bartram, J. (2018). Health risk perceptions are associated with domestic use of basic water and sanitationservices—Evidence from rural Ethiopia. International journal of environmental researchandpublic health, 15 (10), 2112.
[05] Baker, K. K., Story, W. T., Walser-Kuntz, E., & Zimmerman, M. B. (2018). Impact of socialcapital, harassment of women and girls, and water and sanitation access on premature birthand low infant birth weight in India. PloS one, 13 (10), e0205345.
[06] Cairncross, S., & Feachem, R. (2018). Environmental Health Engineering in the Tropics: Water, Sanitation and Disease Control. Routledge.
[07] Chard, A. & Freeman, M. (2018). Design, Intervention Fidelity, and Behavioral Outcomes of aSchool-Based Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Cluster-Randomized Trial inLaos. International journal of environmental research and public health, 15 (4), 570.
[08] Cronk R., Slaymaker T., Bartram J. (2015). Monitoring drinking water, sanitation, and hygienein non-household settings: Priorities for policy and practice. Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health. 2015 doi: 10.1016/j.ijheh.03.003.
[09] Dlamini, B., & Reddy, P. S. (2018). Theory and practice of integrated development planning-acase study of Umtshezi Local Municipality in the KwaZulu-Natal Province of SouthAfrica. African Journal of Public Affairs, 10 (1), 1-24.
[10] Ghana Education Service, (2014) National Minimum Standards and Implementation Models for WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) in Schools in the Country”.
[11] Ghana Statistical Service (2010). 2010 Population and Housing Census: Provisional Results, Accra: Ghana Statistical Service.
[12] Kheang, T., O’Donoghue, T., & Clarke, S. (2018). Historical Background and RecentDevelopments in Relation to Primary School Leadership in Cambodia. In Primary SchoolLeadership in Cambodia (pp. 85-141). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.
[13] Mohmand, S. K. (2019). The Implications of Closing Civic Space for Sustainable Development inPakistan.
[14] Musoke, D., Ndejjo, R., Halage, A. A., Kasasa, S., Ssempebwa, J. C., & Carpenter, D. O. (2018). Drinking Water Supply, Sanitation, and Hygiene Promotion Interventions in Two SlumCommunities in Central Uganda. Journal of environmental and public health, 2018.
[15] Ngwenya, B. N., Thakadu, O. T., Phaladze, N. A., & Bolaane, B. (2018). Access to water andsanitation facilities in primary schools: A neglected educational crisis in Ngamiland districtin Botswana. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 105, 231-238.
[16] Redman-MacLaren, M., Barrington, D. J., Harrington, H., Cram, D., Selep, J., & MacLaren, D. (2018). Water, sanitation and hygiene systems in Pacific Island schools to promote thehealthand education of girls and children with disability: a systematic scopingreview. Journal ofWater, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 8 (3), 386-401.
[17] Rheinlander, T., Gyapong, M., Akpakli, D. E., & Konradsen, F. (2018). Secrets, shame anddiscipline: School girls' experiences of sanitation and menstrual hygiene management in aperiurban community in Ghana. Health care for women international, 1-20.
[18] Silvestri, G., Wittmayer, J., Schipper, K., Kulabako, R., Oduro-Kwarteng, S., Nyenje, P. & vanRaak, R. (2018). Transition Management for Improving the Sustainability of WASHServicesin Informal Settlements in Sub-Saharan Africa—AnExploration. Sustainability, 10 (11), 4052.
[19] Taulo, S., Kambala, C., Kumwenda, S., & Morse, T. (2018). Review Report of the National OpenDefecation Free (ODF) and Hand Washing with Soap (HWWS) Strategies.
[20] Tshivhase, N. J. (2016). Social factors that affect the acceptability of the enviro loo sanitationtechnology: a case of schools in Limpopo Province (Doctoral dissertation, University ofLimpopo).
[21] UNICEF (2011). Wash in Schools Monitoring Package. Geneva, Switzerland: 2011.
[22] United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), (2017). Progress on drinking water, sanitation andhygiene: 2017 update and SDG baselines. Geneva.
[23] World Health Organization. (2018). WASH and health working together: a ‘how-to’ guide forneglected tropical disease programmes.
[24] Zormal, F. (2016). SCHOOL SANITATION, HYGIENE AND THE COPING STRATEGIESAMONG GIRLS IN THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS IN THE WA MUNICIPALITY, GHANA (Doctoral dissertation).
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.