Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
Articles Information
Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol.5, No.4, Dec. 2019, Pub. Date: Oct. 17, 2019
The First Industrial Revolution: Creation of a New Global Human Era
Pages: 377-387 Views: 147 Downloads: 77
Authors
[01] Haradhan Kumar Mohajan, Department of Mathematics, Premier University, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
Abstract
The First Industrial Revolution began in England in about 1750–1760 that lasted to sometime between 1820 and 1840. It is one of the most distinguished turning points in human history. During this period human and animal labour technology transformed into machinery, such as the steam engine, the spinning jenny, coke smelting, puddling and rolling processes for making iron, etc. Industrial Revolution is renewed for global economic growth, increase in production and consumption of common people. The system of transportation communication through canals, road and rails had improved. Also banking and other financial systems improved to run the industries and business firms smoothly. Child and infant mortality rate decreased and fertility rate increased. As a result, population growth had dramatically changed. On the other hand, women and child labour has increased in dangerous and unhygienic condition. Factory workers have to work sixteen hours in a day merely to save the family from starvation. Industrial Revolution created a wide gap between the rich and the poor. An attempt has taken here to describe the various effects of Industrial Revolution.
Keywords
Industrial Revolution, Technological Change, Human Capital, Economic Development
References
[01] Agarwal, H., & Agarwal, R. (2017). First Industrial Revolution and Second Industrial Revolution: Technological Differences and the Differences in Banking and Financing of the Firms. Saudi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2 (11A), 1062–1066.
[02] Allen, R. C. (1992). Introduction: Agrarian Fundamentalism and English Agricultural Development. Enclosure and the Yeoman, Oxford, Clarendon Press.
[03] Allen, R. C. (2009). The British Industrial Revolution in Global Perspective: New Approaches to Economic and Social History. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
[04] Ashton, T. S. (1948). The Industrial Revolution (1760–1830). Oxford University Press, London and New York.
[05] Baines, E. (1835). History of the Cotton Manufacture in Great Britain. Publishers: H. Fisher, R. Fisher, and P. Jackson, London.
[06] Beker, C., & Lipsey, R. G. (2002). Science, Institutions, and the Industrial Revolution. Discussion Paper No. 02-4, Department of Economics, Simon Fraser University, Canada.
[07] Berki, R. N. (1975). Socialism. London: Dent.
[08] Berlanstein, L. R. (Ed.) (1992). The Industrial Revolution and Work in Nineteenth-Century Europe. London and New York: Routledge.
[09] Bernstein, E. (1961). Evolutionary Socialism: A Criticism and Affirmation. Translated by Edith C. Harvey and Introduction by Sidney Hook. New York: Schocken.
[10] Blanqui, J.-A. (1837). Histoire de L'économie Politique en Europe Depuis les Anciens Jusqu'à Nos Jours. Paris: Guillaumin.
[11] Broadberry, S. N., & Gupta, B. (2005). Cotton Textiles and the Great Divergence: Lancashire, India and Shifting Competitive Advantage, 1600-1850. Discussion Paper No. 5183, Centre for Economic Policy Research. London, UK.
[12] Broadberry, S. N., Campbell, B. M., Klein, A. D., Overton, M., & van Leeuwen, B. (2011). British Economic Growth, 1270–1870: An Output-Based Approach. School of Economics Discussion Papers, No. 1203. University of Kent, Canterbury.
[13] Brunt, L. (2006). Rediscovering Risk: Country Banks as Venture Capital Firms in the First Industrial Revolution. The Journal of Economic History, 66 (1), 74–102.
[14] Burnette, J. (1997). An Investigation of the Female-Male Wage Gap during the Industrial Revolution in Britain. Economic History Review, L (2), 257–281.
[15] Carter, S. B., Gartner, S. S., Haines, M. R., Olmstead, A. L., Sutch, R., & Wright, G. (Eds.) (2006). Historical Statistics of the United States: Earliest Times to the Present. Millennial Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[16] Chandler, J. A. (1981). The Railroads: The Nation’s First Big Business. New York: Arno. Comstock, Henry.
[17] Choudhary, A. K., & Rao, S. (2018). History of Rail Transportation and Importance of Indian Railways (IR) Transportation. International Journal of Engineering Development and Research, 6 (3), 73–77.
[18] Clark, G. (2007a). A Farewell to Alms: A Brief Economic History of the World. Princeton University Press.
[19] Clark, G. (2007b). The Long March of History: Farm Wages, Population and Economic Growth, England 1209–1869. Economic History Review, 60 (1), 97–136.
[20] Clark, G. (2010). The Macroeconomic Aggregates for England, 1209–2008. Research in Economic History, 27, 51–140.
[21] Clark, G., O’Rourke, K. H., & Taylor, A. M. (2008). New Comparative Economic History: Made in America? The New World, the Old, and the Industrial Revolution. American Economic Review: Papers & Proceedings, 98 (2), 523–528.
[22] Cowan, R. S. (1976). The “Industrial Revolution” in the Home: Household Technology and Social Change in the 20 th Century. Technology and Culture, 17 (1), 1–23.
[23] Crafts, N. F. R. (1985). British Economic Growth during the Industrial Revolution, New York: Oxford University Press.
[24] Daunton, M. J. (1995). Progress and Poverty: An Economic and Social History of Britain, 1700–1850. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
[25] Davis, S. J. M. (1997). The Agricultural Revolution in England: Some Zoo-Archaeological Evidence. Anthropozoologica, 25 (26), 413–428.
[26] Deane, P. M., & Cole, W. A. (1962). British Economic Growth, 1688–1959. Cambridge University Press, England.
[27] Engels, F. (1969). Anti-Dühring. London: Lawrence and Wishart.
[28] Feinstein, C. (1998). Pessimism Perpetuated: Real Wages and the Standard of Living in Britain during and after the Industrial Revolution. Journal of Economic History, 58 (3), 625–658.
[29] Flinn, M. W. (1966). Origins of the Industrial Revolution. London: Longmans.
[30] Foud, R., & Johnson, P. (2004). The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Britain. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[31] Galbi, D. A. (1994). Child Labor and the Division of Labor in the Early English Cotton Mills. Journal of Population Economics, 10 (4), 357–375.
[32] Gernhard, R. (2003). The Industrial Revolution. http://www.mars.acnet.wnec.edu/~grempel/courses/wc2/lectures/industrialrev.html
[33] Goldin, C., & Sokoloff, K. L. (1982). Women, Children, and Industrialization in the Early Republic; Evidence from the Manufacturing Censuses. Journal of Economic History, 42 (4), 741–774.
[34] Griffin, E. (2010). Short History of the British Industrial Revolution. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, NY.
[35] Gunderson, J. (2008). Realism. The Creative Company.
[36] Hardenberg, H. O. (1999). The Middle Ages of the Internal Combustion Engine 1794–1886. Society of Automotive Engineers Inc., Warrendale, Pennsylvania, USA.
[37] Hartwell, R. M. (1976). Introduction. In R. M. Hartwell (Ed.). The Causes of the Industrial Revolution in England, Methuen and Co. Ltd.
[38] Hawke, G. (1993). Reinterpretations of the Industrial Revolution. In Patrick O’Brien & Roland Quinault (Eds.). The Industrial Revolution and British Society pp. 54–78. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[39] Hill, C. (1969). Reformation to Industrial Revolution. England: Penguin Books.
[40] Hobsbawm, E. C. (1968). Industry and Empire. New York: Pantheon Books.
[41] Homer, J.B. (1982). Theories of the Industrial Revolution: A Feedback Perspective. Dynamica, 8 (1), 30–35.
[42] Hudson, P. (1992). The Industrial Revolution. London: Edward Arnold.
[43] Jacob, M. C. (1997). Scientific Culture and the Making of the Industrial West. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[44] Khan, A. (2008). The Industrial Revolution and the Demographic Transition. Business Review, Q1, 9–15.
[45] Kim, S. (2007). Immigration, Industrial Revolution and Urban Growth in the United States, 1820–1920: Factor Endowments, Technology and Geography. NBER Working Paper Series, Working Paper 12900.
[46] Landes, D. S. (1969). The Unbound Prometheus; Technological Change and Industrial Development in Western Europe from 1750 to the Present. London: Cambridge University Press.
[47] Lichtheim, G. (1975). A Short History of Socialism. Glasgow: Fontana/Collins.
[48] Lindemann, A. S. (1983). A History of European Socialism. New Haven/London: Yale University Press.
[49] Lucas, R. (2004). The Industrial Revolution: Past and Future. Annual Report Essay. Issue May, 5–20.
[50] Marx, K., & Engels, F. (1948). Manifesto of the Communist Party. Progress Publishers, Moscow.
[51] Mathias, P., & Davis, J. A. (Eds.) (1989). The First Industrial Revolutions. Oxford: Blackwells.
[52] McNeil, I. (1990). An Encyclopedia of the History of Technology. London: Routledge.
[53] McPherson, N. (1994). Machines and Growth: The Implications for Growth Theory of the History of the Industrial Revolution. Westport, Connecticut; Greenwood Press.
[54] Mingay, G. E. (1986). The Transformation of Britain, 1830–1939. Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
[55] Mokyr, J. (1999). Editor’s Introduction: The New Economic History and the Industrial Revolution. Boulder: Westview Press.
[56] Mokyr, J. (2002). The Gifts of Athena; Historical Origins of the Knowledge Economy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
[57] Montagna, J. (2013). Industrial Revolution. Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute. http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1981/2/81.02.06.x.html
[58] Murmann, J. P. (2003). Knowledge and Competitive Advantage: The Coevolution of Firms, Technology, and National Institutions. Journal of International Business Studies, 35, 560–563.
[59] O’Brien, P. (2006). Provincializing the First Industrial Revolution. Working Papers of the Global Economic History Network (GEHN), No. 17/06.
[60] O’Brien, P. (2017). Was the First Industrial Revolution a Conjuncture in the History of the World Economy? Economic History Working PapersNo. 259/2017. London School of Economics and Political Science.
[61] Pearson, R., & Richardson, D. (2001). Business Networking in the Industrial Revolution. Economic History Review, 54 (4), 657–679.
[62] Roe, J. W. (1916). English and American Tool Builders. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press.
[63] Rosen, W. (2012). The Most Powerful Idea in the World: A Story of Steam, Industry and Invention. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
[64] Rostow, W. W. (1960). The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-Communist. Manifesto. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[65] Rule, J. G. (Ed.) (1988). British Trade Unionism 1700–1850: The Formative Years. London.
[66] Sachs, J. D. (2005). The End of Poverty; How We Can Make it Happen in Our Lifetime. The Penguin Press, New York.
[67] Simkin, J. (2003). Encyclopedia of British History. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/industry.html
[68] Sinclair, A. (1907). Development of the Locomotive Engine. Angus Sinclair Publishing Company, New York.
[69] Singh, V. (2015). The Technologies & Machines That Powered the Industrial Revolution. Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Science, 3 (4), 27–29.
[70] Smelser, N. J. (1959). Social Change in the Industrial Revolution: An Application of Theory to the British Cotton Industry. University of Chicago Press.
[71] Smith, A. (1776). An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Toronto, Random House.
[72] Sugden, K., & Cockerill, A. (2017). The Wool and Cotton Textile Industries in England and Wales up to 1850. In L. Shaw-Taylor, A. Cockerill, & M. Satchell (Eds.). The Online Historical Atlas of Occupational Structure and Population Geography in England and Wales 1600–2011.
[73] Szostak, R. (1991). The Role of Transportation in the Industrial Revolution: A Comparison of England and France. Montreal; McGill-Queen’s University Press.
[74] Usher, A. P. (1920). An Introduction to the Industrial History of England. Michigan: University of Michigan Press.
[75] Veblen, T. (1915). Imperial Germany and the Industrial Revolution. Kitchener, Ontario: Batoche Books.
[76] Ventura, J., & Voth, H.-J. (2015). Debt into Growth: How Sovereign Debt Accelerated the First Industrial Revolution. Working Paper No. 194. Department of Economics, University of Zurich.
[77] Voth, H.–J. (2003). Living Standards during the Industrial Revolution: An Economist’s Guide. American Economic Review, 93 (2), 221–226.
[78] William, R. (2012). The Most Powerful Idea in the World: A Story of Steam, Industry and Invention. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
[79] Wrigley, E. A., & Schofield, R. (1981). The Population History of England, 1541–1871: A Reconstruction. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
[80] Wright, A. (1986). Socialisms: Theories and Practices. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.