Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
Articles Information
Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol.5, No.4, Dec. 2019, Pub. Date: Nov. 28, 2019
Gender Role Reforms in Ghana: Analysis of the Nature, Drivers, and Dimensions in Rural and Urban Contexts
Pages: 408-419 Views: 195 Downloads: 61
Authors
[01] Bernice Wadei, Department of Geography and Rural Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
[02] Prince Osei-Wusu Adjei, Department of Geography and Rural Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
[03] David Forkuor, Department of Geography and Rural Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
Abstract
Gender roles play a critical function in development processes. Gender role expectations by society led to gender stereotyping which placed limits on the potential of women and men to utilize their abilities. The stereotypical expectations from both men and women subsequently created the conventional gender division of labour where men were perceived as breadwinners while women were domestic moderators and passive recipients. Presently however, gender roles are shifting as the male breadwinner system has declined because more women are steadily entering active employment. Even though there are pieces of evidence of the transition in Ghana, the nature, drivers and dimensions of the transition process has been either unclear or not well documented. Therefore, using the mixed method approach, with a sample size of 400 households, this research examined how the transition process is happening, the factors facilitating the changes and the areas in which the changes are happening. Gender transition is currently both unidirectional and dual in rural areas and mainly dual/reversal in urban areas. Education is the main driver of the transition process in Ghana, both in rural and urban spaces alike while the economic dimension of the change in gender roles is the most common.
Keywords
Gender Roles, Nature, Dimensions, Drivers, Gender Transition, Ghana
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