Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
Articles Information
Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol.6, No.2, Jun. 2020, Pub. Date: Apr. 7, 2020
Impact of CCTV Surveillance on Crime Prevention: A Study in Dhaka City
Pages: 48-59 Views: 70 Downloads: 46
Authors
[01] Md. Bashir Uddin Khan, Department of Sociology, School of Sociology and Political Science, Shanghai University, Shanghai, China.
[02] Moonmoon Binta Aziz, Department of Criminology and Police Science, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Tangail, Bangladesh.
[03] Md. Omar Faruk, Department of Criminology and Police Science, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Tangail, Bangladesh.
[04] Md. Ishtiaq Ahmed Talukder, Department of Security Strategy and Management, Police Academy, Ankara, Turkey.
Abstract
This research intends to investigate the impact of CCTV surveillance on crime prevention in Bangladesh. Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh was selected as the research area in this regard. Four police stations from a total of forty-nine police stations located in different parts of Dhaka city were selected purposively for the study. Interviewing to the general people and a semi-structured interviewing to the police personnel in the jurisdiction of selected police stations were used for data collection. The data for the present paper were collected in the period of February to June 2018 from the study area. This study reveals that the police authority selects their locations for the installation of CCTV as per their own priority determination. Most of the respondents of the current study consider that CCTV has a moderate impact on reducing crime. They also consider that it can reduce the fear of crime among the commoners and provide them a sense of safeness. The opinion survey also reveals that CCTV may displace the crimes from one place to another and thus may make one place safer and another place vulnerable at the same time. Different crimes are influenced differently due to the installation of CCTV. However, CCTV has a great role in the detection and prevention of crime, although it needs to address some privacy issues. Proper installation and maintenance of CCTV are still at the initial stage in Bangladesh. It is recommended that the existing installation and maintenance of the system should be replaced with a properly audited demand for CCTV operations. Additionally, a wireless networking mechanism incorporating advanced options like facial recognition and artificial intelligence needs to develop.
Keywords
CCTV, Surveillance, Reduction of Crimes, Displacement, Fear of Crime, Police Stations
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