Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
Articles Information
Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol.6, No.3, Sep. 2020, Pub. Date: Aug. 18, 2020
A Cross Sectional Study on the Family Relationship During Movement Control Order in Malaysia: Perception of Undergraduate Students
Pages: 229-242 Views: 116 Downloads: 56
Authors
[01] Chow Zi Yi, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[02] Rosheene Jeya Prekash, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[03] Saranya Kananson, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[04] Tey Xiang Fong, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
Abstract
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. In December 2019, a number of cases of pneumonia of unknown aetiology were identified in Wuhan City, Hubei province in China which patients presented with pneumonia like symptoms of dry cough, dyspnoea, fever, and bilateral lung infiltrates on imaging. In late February, a large cluster of cases occurred in Seri Petaling tabligh gathering where this cause an unexpectedly sudden high rise of daily cases which urged the government to choose a more strict measure. A limited lock-down approach called Movement Control Order (MCO) was immediately initiated to the whole country as a way to flatten the curve. Lock down is a world’s biggest psychological experiment which has found with more depressive symptoms and decreases in resilient level among people. Our objective is to determine the family relationship in terms of cohesion, expressiveness and conflict during MCO period and to find the factors that are associated with family relationship in terms of cohesion, expressiveness and conflict during MCO period among undergraduate students of Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Malaysia. A cross-sectional study was conducted from May 2020 to June 2020 on 258 students where data were collected using online questionnaires in google forms designed in English. A questionnaire related to family relationship was used in this study which is the Brief Family Relationship Scales consisting of 16-items in total. The Brief Family Relationship Scales was subcategorised into 3 mains domains (Cohesion, Expressiveness and Conflicts). In order to analyse the data accordingly, unpaired t test, ANOVA and were used. According the data, the p-value of ethnicity in relation with cohesion is 0.019, this thus shows that there is a significant association between the different ethnicities and the family relationship during movement control order amongst undergraduate students in MMMC. Other than that, there is also a significant association between the family type and expressiveness where the p value is 0.010. In sense of conflicts, we found that there were significant association between ethnicity and presence of family member with chronic disease where the p value is 0.008 and 0.023. In conclusion, an individual with higher scores in cohesion and expressiveness indicates a stronger family relationship whereas individual with higher scores in conflicts indicates a weaker family relationship.
Keywords
Family Relationship, Movement Control Order, Undergraduate Students
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