Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
Articles Information
Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol.6, No.3, Sep. 2020, Pub. Date: Aug. 26, 2020
Impact of Irrigation on Poverty Reduction in Rwanda
Pages: 243-250 Views: 145 Downloads: 52
Authors
[01] Willy Uwimana, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.
[02] Lamek Nahayo, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.
[03] Eric Ndorimana, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.
[04] Guhuta Anastase Mabarira, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.
[05] Xixbert Uwizeyimana, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.
Abstract
In Rwanda, the major constraints to agriculture include population pressure coupled with the dominance of traditional practices and low application of modern inputs like improved seeds and fertilizers. This study examined the impact of irrigation practices on poverty reduction in Rusizi district, western Rwanda. The authors employed a sample of 100 respondents selected from 7,925 members of four cooperatives growing rice at Bugarama wetland. The participants were selected by using purposive and random sampling techniques. This study adopted a comparative descriptive design which used questionnaires and interviews for data collection. The collected data were analyzed by using SPSS version 21.0. The results indicated that there was a high degree of positive correlation between irrigation and poverty reduction where Karl Pearson coefficient of correlation (r) was 10.986. This implies that irrigation contributed to the poverty reduction positively and at high level and the raise of income positively affected farmers’ livelihood. The study also highlighted existing challenges of practicing irrigation and way forward to ensure poverty reduction at large scale. The findings of this study will be important to different stakeholders with provision of information on the impact of irrigation in increasing food security and poverty reduction in general.
Keywords
Agriculture Practice, Irrigation, Poverty Reduction, Rice Production, Rusizi District, Rwanda
References
[01] Walter, Achim, Robert Finger, Robert Huber, and Nina Buchmann. "Opinion: Smart farming is key to developing sustainable agriculture." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114, no. 24 (2017): 6148-6150.
[02] de Bont, Chris. "The continuous quest for control by African irrigation planners in the face of farmer-led irrigation development: The case of the lower Moshi Area, Tanzania (1935-2017)." Water Alternatives 11, no. 3 (2018): 893-915.
[03] Isfahani, D., (2010). Poverty, inequality and populist politics in Iran. Department of Economics Virginia Tech Version.
[04] Mosissa, Tadesse, and Baihilu Bezabih. "Review on participatory small-scale irrigation schemes and small-scale rainwater harvesting technology development and its contribution to household food security in Ethiopia." International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering 9, no. 3 (2017): 54-63.
[05] Fisher, Joshua B., Forrest Melton, Elizabeth Middleton, Christopher Hain, Martha Anderson, Richard Allen, Matthew F. McCabe et al. "The future of evapotranspiration: Global requirements for ecosystem functioning, carbon and climate feedbacks, agricultural management, and water resources." Water Resources Research 53, no. 4 (2017): 2618-2626.
[06] MINAGRI (2008) Rapport Final: Stratégie de Développement de l’Irrigationen Marais. Projetd’Appui au Secteur Rural (PASR). Rwanda, 117 p.
[07] MINAGRI. 2013. Agricultural policy, crop failure and the Ruriganiza famine in Rwanda: prelude to genocide?”, Center for Economic Studies Discussions Paper Series (DPS) 02.07 http://www.econ.kuleuven.be/ces/discussionpapers/default.htm.
[08] Kuria, Anne W., Edmundo Barrios, Tim Pagella, Catherine W. Muthuri, Athanase Mukuralinda, and Fergus L. Sinclair. "Farmers' knowledge of soil quality indicators along a land degradation gradient in Rwanda." Geoderma regional 16 (2019): e00199.
[09] Government of Rwanda (GoR) (2008). Strategic Plan for the Transformation of Agriculture in Rwanda – Phase II (PSTA II). Final Report. Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources, Republic of Rwanda (ROR), Kigali.
[10] UNEP-UNDP. 2018. The Crop Intensification Program in Rwanda: a sustainability analysis. Overseas Development Institute Investment and Growth Program. Westminster Bridge Road, London.
[11] FAO, (2011). Low income food –deficit countries (LIFDC): Food and Agriculture Organization. Country Profiles and Mapping Information, United States.
[12] You, Liangzhi, Claudia Ringler, Ulrike Wood-Sichra, Richard Robertson, Stanley Wood, Tingju Zhu, Gerald Nelson, Zhe Guo, and Yan Sun. "What is the irrigation potential for Africa? A combined biophysical and socioeconomic approach." Food Policy 36, no. 6 (2011): 770-782.
[13] Balana, Bedru B., Jean-Claude Bizimana, James W. Richardson, Nicole Lefore, Zenebe Adimassu, and Brian K. Herbst. "Economic and food security effects of small-scale irrigation technologies in Northern Ghana." Water Resources and Economics 29 (2020): 100141.
[14] NISR (2012). "National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda. Population and Housing Survey. Kigali, Rwanda.
[15] Jawale, K. V. (2012). Methods of sampling design in the legal research: Advantages and disadvantages. Online International Interdisciplinary Research Journal 2, 183-190.
[16] Levy, P. S., and Lemeshow, S. (2013). "Sampling of populations: methods and applications," John Wiley & Sons.
[17] Etikan, I., Alkassim, R., and Abubakar, S. (2016). Comparision of snowball sampling and sequential sampling technique. Biometrics and Biostatistics International Journal 3, 55.
[18] Geoffrey, Gasore, Munyaneza Jean de Dieu, Ngendabanga Jean Pierre, and Twibanire Aimable. "Design of automatic irrigation system for small farmers in Rwanda." Agricultural Sciences 6, no. 03 (2015): 291.
[19] Berg, M. V. D., Ruben, R., 2006, Small-Scale Irrigation and Income Distribution in Ethiopia Journal of Development Studies. 42 (5), 868-880.
600 ATLANTIC AVE, BOSTON,
MA 02210, USA
+001-6179630233
AIS is an academia-oriented and non-commercial institute aiming at providing users with a way to quickly and easily get the academic and scientific information.
Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.